Report on Mapping Multiple Climate-related Hazards in South Asia

Countries experience multiple climate-related risks that vary spatially and in time, with the combined impact of such risks carrying severe consequences for the population. A new collaborative research study by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), the United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) identifies the need to carry out regional level assessments of these risks in South Asia.

The IWMI Research Report 170 suggests methods for mapping such climate-related risks and estimating their subsequent impacts. Space-based information is a key component in this context and supports efforts to estimate the impact on people and agriculture in South Asia.

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Publishing Date: 04/07/2017
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
Bihar is the most flood prone state in India (Image: NASA)

The International Water Management Institute, UN-SPIDER’s regional Support Office, organised together with the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) a day long workshop in Patna, India, to present a new project on the development of the Index‐Based Flood Insurance (IBFI) on August 1.

Due to the constant floods India is facing every year and the huge losses these events produce, the IBFI project aims to implement the use of space technologies such as remote sensing images and geographic information systems (GIS) in order to improve the insurance's payout processes. Along with flood... read more

Publishing Date: 06/08/2015
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
Participants discuss projects' outcomes presented in posters (Image: ICIMOD)

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), UN-SPIDER’s Regional Support Office based in Nepal, has supported research grants and small scale application development projects under the SERVIR-Himalaya initiative.

Projects coming from Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan related to environmental issues such as flood forecasting, forest fire management, landslide hazard, agricultural monitoring,... read more

Publishing Date: 15/07/2015
Colombia, Ethiopia and Bangladesh will receive Esri's support to become more climate-resilient (Image: US Navy)

Colombia, Ethiopia and Bangladesh will receive Esri’s support to enhance their climate resilience. They will learn how to visualize, understand and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Together with the White House and six other institutions, Esri will contribute through tools and trainings to the climate-resilient development of these three countries. Esri has already established a collaborative resource portal for Ethiopia on its online mapping and analysis platform, ArcGIS online, and is planning a further... read more

Publishing Date: 11/06/2015
The new agreement is aimed to provide assistance to all Saarc member states affected by disasters (Image: Krish Dulal)

An agreement signed by all South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) states (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan and India) is underway to promote a rapid response to natural disasters.

A Saarc monitoring system including tools for early warning system and risk... read more

Publishing Date: 29/04/2015
Approximately 6.5 million people were affected in the region (Image: HDX)

On Saturday, 25 April 2015 a 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and India with several aftershocks following on Saturday and Sunday. GDACS estimates that 6.5 million people are affected. Several actors from the satellite and mapping communities have become active in supporting response efforts in the region; particularly in Nepal, which was most severely affected.

Publishing Date: 27/04/2015
Damages caused by Typhoon Haiyan in Philippines in 2013 (Image: Eoghan Rice - Trócaire / Caritas)

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will train government and community officials as well as volunteers in the Philippines and Bangladesh in the use of satellite-based tools to face natural disasters.

The officials will learn how to combine satellite-based hazard maps with local government maps of vulnerable areas to better assess... read more

Publishing Date: 24/04/2015
Snow-fed rivers and heavy rains are major causes of flooding in Bangladesh (Image: Shahnoor Habib Munmun)

The Bangladeshi Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC) can now better predict disasters caused by floods thanks to the JASON-2 satellite, developed by SERVIR and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD).

The monsoon rains together with snow-fed rivers cause annual inundations in the country between March and September, damaging crops and properties and even resulting in loss of lives.

An experiment conducted last year by the FFWC using data from the JASON-2 satellite, showed that flood warnings can be issued eight days in advance instead of only three or four as it used to be. The JASON-2 satellite is capable of accurately measuring water levels in rivers... read more

Publishing Date: 23/04/2015
Participants of the training course in Dhaka, Bangladesh

From 5 to 9 April 2015, UN-SPIDER and the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) in Bangladesh jointly organised the five-day course "Earth observation technologies for disaster damage and loss assessment" in Dhaka.

The course strengthened damage and loss assessment by teaching the use of satellite images to contribute to damage and loss assessment. It provided DDM and important stakeholder departments with easy, rapid and accurate ways of assessing damage and loss during disasters using satellite... read more

Publishing Date: 10/04/2015
The two training programmes aim to strengthen the capacities of Bangladesh and Bhutan to effectively use satellite-based information for disaster risk reduction (Image: NASA)

UN-SPIDER is planning to conduct two training programmes in April. 

From 5 to 9 April 2015, the programme is jointly organizing the five-day course "Earth observation technologies for disaster damage and loss assessment" in Dhaka, Bangladesh with the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) in Bangladesh.

It aims to strengthen damage and loss assessment by teaching the use of satellites images to contribute to damage and loss assessment.... read more

Publishing Date: 01/04/2015
Bangladesh: Capacity Building on Space Technologies

UN-SPIDER organised a a Capacity Building Programme in Bangladesh from 12 to 16 May 2013 on topic “Space Technology for Flood Hazard Mapping, Flood Forecast and Rapid Mapping in Bangladesh”. The programme was jointly organised with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief, Comprehensive Disaster... read more

Publishing Date: 22/05/2013
Flood area map created by the International Charter for Bangladesh in 2009

On 15 May, 2013, UNITAR/UNOSAT, on behalf of UNOCHA, activated the International Charter Space and Major Disasters to obtain satellite-derived image-products for the impact of tropical cyclone Mahasen.

Cyclone Mahasen struck the southern coast of Bangladesh, on 16 May 2013, and is expected to affect as much as 8.2 million people in the area. Hundreds of thousands of people have been ordered to evacuate in advance of the oncoming storm in Bangladesh and neighbouring Myanmar.

While the storm has not been classified as severe, the main concerns are about the resulting floods and landslides left in the cyclone's wake. This was evident in Sri Lanka, where at least seven people were... read more

Publishing Date: 17/05/2013

Image shows anomalies in rainfall between July 14 and July 20, 2009. Most of India and Bangladesh are brown, showing that less rain fell than average during the week. One of India’s primary crop areas is in the north, where less rain has fallen. According to BBC News, Bangladesh had received 40 percent less monsoon rain than normal by July 20, triggering fears of food shortages. (Source NASA)

More information:

Publishing Date: 29/07/2009

UN-SPIDER Training Activity

Earth observation technologies for disaster damage and loss assessment

The course strengthened damage and loss assessment by teaching the use of satellite images to contribute to damage and loss assessment. It provided DDM and important stakeholder departments with easy, rapid and accurate ways of assessing damage and loss during disasters using satellite...

Date of training: 05/04/2015 to 09/04/2015
Space Technology for Flood Hazard Mapping, Flood Forecast and Rapid Mapping in Bangladesh

The training covered a wide range of topics such as an overview of the role of Earth Observation in...

Date of training: 12/05/2013 to 16/05/2013

Advisory Support

Bangladesh is exposed to floods due to cyclones and monsoons, droughts, landslides and storm surges. To reduce the impacts of these events, Bangladesh has incorporated disaster-risk reduction and preparedness into all national policies, planning and programmes. At the invitation from the Disaster Management and Relief Division of the Government of Bangladesh, UN-SPIDER conducted a Technical Advisory Mission to evaluate the strengths and challenges related to the access and use of space technologies and space-based information for effective disaster management.

Mission dates: 19/06/2011 to 23/06/2011

Data Source


Heavy rains caused floods and landslides in southeast Bangladesh, killing at least 58 people.

Source: glidenumber

The north eastern and northern districts including Sylhet, Moulavibazar, Sunamganj, Habiganj, Netrokona, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat of Bangladesh have been inundated due to heavy downpour and of on-rush flood water from upstream (Assam and Meghalaya in India) for last couple of weeks.

Source: glidenumber

Cyclone Bijli cyclone battered the Bangladesh coast with heavy rain and winds of up to 100 kph (62 mph) on Friday, forcing the storm-prone country to evacuate thousands of people.

Source : Glide number


Ressources from OCHA/Reliefweb, click here

Bangladesh evacuated 400,000 people to emergency shelters on the southwestern coast as a cyclone hit the country, as well as neighbouring India, on 25 May.

Source : Glide number


Tropical Cyclone AILA hit the coast of West Bengal on 25 May 2009, affecting Satkhir, Kulna, Bagerhat, Pirojpur, Jhalokati, Barguna, Patuakhali, Bhola and Barisal districts. More that 3 million of people were affected by the cyclone.

Source : Charter... read more

Torrential rains triggered landslides and flash floods killing six people and stranding half a million in their homes.

Sources : Glide number


Ressources from OCHA/REliefweb, click here

Ressources from ADRC, click here

Areas affected by Cyclone Aila have been hit by flooding and swollen rivers due to high tides. Over 45,000 are marooned, 28 villages inundated.

Source: GlideNumber

The nor'wester that played havoc in eastern India on the night of 14 April 2010 also hit border districts of Dinajpur, Rangpur, Nilphamari, Lalmonirhat, Kurigram in Bangladesh. Some adjacent districts including Gaibandha, Sirjaganj and Bogra were also affected.

Source: GlideNumber


Department of Disaster Management (DDM) under the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief was set up in November 2012 following enactment of the Disaster Management Act 2012. The Department of Disaster Management (DDM) would serve the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief to implement the objectives of Disaster management Act 2012 by undertaking risk reduction activities; responding to disaster events efficiently as well as strengthening and coordinating programs undertaken by different stakeholders related to DDR and DRM.

Read more: DDM


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