On 15 January 2015, Geospatial Media and Communication announced the launch of its new Latin America Geospatial Portal, where users can access a wide variety of information related to geospatial products and issues.
The Portal is divided into five main sections: news, articles and case studies, interviews, magazine and conferences.
On 23 February 2014, CATHALAC finished its training course “Mapping and Application of GPS” which offered professionals in Latin America and the Caribbean a deeper understanding of using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for mapping.
Peru hosts about 75 percent of the western Amazon jungle. Deforestation is therefore a critical topic for the country. Now, a major milestone in conserving and managing the western Amazon has been reached by mapping more than 95 percent of Peruvian forests using archived satellite imagery.
As a way to strengthen the knowledge and skills of professionals working in government agencies in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador on the use of radar imagery in case of floods, UN-SPIDER and CRECTEALC conducted a training course in the facilities of CRECTEALC in Puebla, Mexico. The instructors provided participants with a theoretical background regarding radar imagery and practical exercises.
Experts from the Argentinean Institute of Astronomy and Space Physics and from CATHALAC
12 participants from 10 government agencies from these four Mesoamerican countries representing civil protection agencies, ministries of Environment and Natural Resources; national commissions on forestry and water resources; geographic Institutes and national planning agencies
The instructors focused on the characteristics of radar images, on the peculiarities concerning their acquisition by specific satellites with such capabilities (orbital trajectory of acquisition, type of band, polarization mode), and on the features displayed in the images emerging from specific characteristics of microwaves; scatterers on the ground including forests, crops, and pastures; and specific conditions of the ground including roughness and permanent or intermittent presence of water (water bodies, swamps, marshes and wetlands). The course was complemented with practical exercises on the use of specific software packages such as NEST, ENVI, ERDAS Imagine, ArcGIS and MapReady to pre-process and then to process radar imagery to detect floods in various types of environments.
In addition, instructors made special emphasis on the detection of water using a variety of post-processing algorithms including speckle filtering, change detection using several images, and multi-temporal analysis. As data from optical sensors can also be used for detection of floods, the processing of radar imagery was also complemented with techniques to process optical imagery, including the generation of indices and other methods for determining extents of inundated areas. Participants also focused on detection of changes using imagery for their respective countries.
The coast of Costa Rica was struck on 5 September 2012 at 08:42 a.m. local time by a major earthquake with the epicenter located in the Nicoya Península. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) indicated a magnitude of 7.6. on the Richter scale. The epicenter is located very close to the surface, approximately in a depth of 10 kilometres.
Despite the global financial crisis and recent natural disasters, Guatemala continues to have huge potential for economic growth. But with the second lowest social indicators in the region, rising food prices pose a risk for vulnerable members of the population. The World Bank is a source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. It supports development by providing low-interest loans, interest-free credits, and grants to developing countries. It provides policy advice, research and analysis, and technical assistance.
After 36 years of internal armed conflict in Guatemala, thousands of confidential facts about the actions of the State have been registered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Thanks to UNDP/BCPR’s technical and expert support, Guatemala has been able to digitize 13 million pieces of data on human rights abuses out of 20 million available. This archive provides a detailed account of numerous violations against the human rights of more than 2,000 Guatemalans.
The Institute of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment is one of the ten Institutes for research established in the University Rafael Sandivar. It promotes knowledge generation processes that provide solutions to progress in a sustainable way to achieve the national development goals.
The SESAN is the institution responsible for planning, coordinating, integrating and monitoring the interventions food and nutritional security interventions in the public sector, society and international cooperation organisms.