Madagascar

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Image courtesy of UNITAR/CSA.
Cyclone Enawo made landfall on the northeastern coast of Madagascar on 7 March 2017. This cyclone is one of the strongest to hit the island in last 13 years, with winds in excess of 231 km/h. The emergency services are warning of dangerous flash flooding and mudslides. So far, there have been power outages and nearly 10,000 people have been evacuated. Aid organizations are warning that more than 700,000 people could be affected by the storm. The International Charter was activated on 6 March 2017 on a request made by United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR).
Publishing Date: 11/03/2017
Satellite image of Sub-Saharan Africa (Image: NASA)

A study carried out by the University of Leicester has shown the amount of rainfall many African areas receive has drastically changed in the last ten years. It is an essential factor for vegetation, which plays a vital role in African livelihoods.

The international team of researchers has mapped the entire African continent south of the Sahara regions using satellite mapping technology. The analysis of  the rainfall and greenness of plants in African regions suggests that "some parts of the Congo, Nigeria and Madagascar appear to receive much less rainfall now compared to 10 years ago," said Professor Heiko Balzter, Director of the Centre for Landscape and Climate Research at the University of Leicester and co-author of the study.

The analysis of 10 years of satellite data has been... read more

Publishing Date: 09/03/2015
Image of Madagascar acquired by Envisat's Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) instrument on 30 June 2009

On 18 January 2015, the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated in Madagascar in response to heavy rainfall resulting in widespread flooding.

The activation of the mechanism to provide satellite-based resources free of charge was requested by the Direction Générale de la Sécurité Civile et de la Gestion des Crises (COGIC) on behalf of the Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNGRC) of Madagascar.

The strong rainfall is due to the devastating storms that have hit Madagascar over the past few weeks. Namely, Tropical... read more

Publishing Date: 20/01/2015
NASA Earth Observatory image shows the Sediment-choked Onibe River, Madagascar,

Five islands in the Indian Ocean – the Union of the Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, and Zanzibar (Tanzania) – are working to establish and manage disaster loss databases. The losses databases should be able to predict and estimate losses from cyclones, floods and storm surges. The models to be used are the same as those employed in the UN’s 2013 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction.

The Project is supported by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and the Indian Ocean Commission’s (IOC) ISLANDS... read more

Publishing Date: 06/12/2013
Cyclone Haruna over Madagascar seen by NASA’s Aqua satellite.

On 23 February 2013, the International Charter "Space and Major Disasters" was activated to provide satellite imagery and maps for responders to Cyclone Haruna. Haruna had had struck southwest Madagascar on Friday 22 February 2013. The Cyclone had made landfall as a Category 2 storm with wind speeds of up to 105 mph. The storm fuelled itself over Mozambique with gusty wind speeds of up to 95mph as it headed towards the island of Madagascar. This map created by OCHA shows Haruna's predicted path on 22 February 2013.

The cyclone’s cloud-filled eye was centred near 23.3 south ... read more

Publishing Date: 25/02/2013

 International financial institutions (IFI) provide financial support and professional advice for development activities on local and regional scales in developing countries. Their activities are generally organised in dedicated projects financed by long-term loans or grants covering social and economical development aspects in a wide range of fields. For certain fields, EO (Earth Observation) products and services have been identified as a useful tool for supporting the monitoring and management of IFI projects in order to improve the efficiency of the investments made and to assess the impact and social benefits of the financed development activities.
ESA, as part of its Value Adding Element (VAE) programme, has... read more

Publishing Date: 23/05/2011

Advisory Support

Dans le cadre du projet « Offrir un appui technique en matière de Systèmes d’Informations Géographiques pour les programmes de réduction des risques et catastrophes mis en œuvre par les partenaires DIPECHO dans la région du Sud - Est de l’Afrique et du Sud - Ouest de l’Océan Indien », ONU-SPIDER, a effectué une mission à Antananarivo, Madagascar en Novembre 2010, en collaboration avec l’ONG italienne Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI) et le Centre de l’Université de Salzburg (Z-GIS), l’objectif étant de délivrer un séminaire national.

Mission dates: 09/11/2010 to 11/11/2010

Within the project “Providing Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technical support for Disaster Risk Reduction programs implemented by DIPECHO partners in the South East African and South West Indian Ocean region”, UN-SPIDER, together with the Italian-based NGO Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI) and the Geoinformatic Centre from the University of Salzburg (Z-GIS) carried out a mission to Antananarivo, Madagascar in November 2010 with the aim of conducting a national seminar.

Mission dates: 09/11/2010 to 11/11/2010

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The following “flash” situational report has been prepared by the OCHA support mission to the Office of the Resident
Coordinator in Madagascar. It is largely based on the information provided by the National Office for Disasters and Risks
Management (BNGRC) of the Government of Madagascar as well as UN Agencies and NGOs.

TROPICAL STORM “ERIC”

Tropical storm “Eric” descended on the regions of Sofia, Sava, Atsinanana, and Analanjirofo in the north-east of Madagascar at 8 am on 19 January 2009, carrying heavy rain and winds at the speed of up to 95 km/h. Landing in the district of Fenerive-Est, “Eric” edged southwards through the districts of Fenoarivo Atsinanana, Sainte-Marie, Vavatenina, Ambositra, Toamasina I, Antsohihy,... read more

The following “flash” situational report has been prepared by the OCHA support mission to the Office of the Resident
Coordinator in Madagascar. It is largely based on the information provided by the National Office for Disasters and Risks
Management (BNGRC) of the Government of Madagascar as well as UN Agencies and NGOs.

TROPICAL STORM “ERIC”

Tropical storm “Eric” descended on the regions of Sofia, Sava, Atsinanana, and Analanjirofo in the north-east of Madagascar at 8 am on 19 January 2009, carrying heavy rain and winds at the speed of up to 95 km/h. Landing in the district of Fenerive-Est, “Eric” edged southwards through the districts of Fenoarivo Atsinanana, Sainte-Marie, Vavatenina, Ambositra, Toamasina I, Antsohihy, Mampikony, and... read more

Disaster

The west was bracing for the arrival of tropical cyclone Fanele. Heavy rains had already begun to fall over the north as the cyclone moved southwards, causing widespread flooding that left close to 250 people homeless in the Sofia region.

Source : Glide number

 

Ressources from OCHA/Reliefweb, click here

Tropical storm ?Eric? descended on north-east regions of Madagascar on 19 January 2009, carrying heavy rain and winds. According to preliminary reports, approx. 1,000 remain homeless with another 1,700 impacted to varying degrees.

Source : Glide number

 

Ressources from OCHA/Reliefweb, click here

Three people were killed and 800 made homeless.

Source : Glide number

 

Ressources from OCHA/Reliefweb, click here

The eastern coast of Madagascar experiences malaria throughout the year. The Institute Pasteur Laboratory has confirmed the diagnosis of Chikungunia on February 8th. Patients suffer from high fever and asthenia which keeps them bedridden for 2-3 days and thus affects schools and local and national economies.

Source GLIDEnumber

A violent tropical storm battered Madagascar's eastern coastline killing at least 14 people and leaving thousands more homeless, the government said on Friday.

Source GLIDEnumber

Cyclone Hubert hit the south eastern coast of Madagascar. Heavy rainfall is causing floods, leaving 28.000 affected families and 40 deads. 7 districts are victims: 1 in the middle-east and 6 in the south-east. More than 500 houses are completely destroyed. 2 districts among these 7 experienced now chikungunya outbreak. There is high risk of spread because of floods and stagnant water.

Source GLIDEnumber

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