Image of snow across northern Mongolia in January 2017 captured by NASA’s Aqua satellite. Image: Nasa Earth Observatory

A drought/dzud monitoring system known as “DroughtWatch-Mongolia” has been officially handed over to Mongolia on 17 September by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the Institute of... read more

Publishing Date: 02/10/2018
Prime Minister of Mongolia Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh opens 2018 AMCDRR in Ulaanbaatar.

The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), through its Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency... read more

Publishing Date: 04/07/2018
Xinkai Lake on the Mongolian Plateau in 2001,2004 and 2006 (Image: NASA)

According to researchers from Peking University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, lakes in the Mongolian Plateau are shrinking rapidly. After analysing several decades of satellite imagery, the researchers found that the total lake surface area had declined from 4,160 square kilometers in the late 1980s to 2,900 square kilometers in 2010, a decrease of 30 percent.

The reasons for this enormous decline are the warming temperatures, decreased precipitation, increased mining and agricultural activity, the study notes. The researchers found that Inner Mongolian lakes shrank even more because of intensive mining and farming activity.

For the study, the researchers reviewed 1,240 scenes captured by the Multispectral Scanner, the Thematic Mapper and the Enhanced Thematic Mapper—each of... read more

Publishing Date: 09/04/2015
Over 40 participants joined the workshop in Mongolia.

From 11 to 15 August 2014, a UN-SPIDER expert team visited Mongolia to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based information in all the aspects of disaster management and to strengthen the disaster risk management efforts in the country by providing better access to space-based information for disaster risk reduction as well as response. This Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) had been requested by the National... read more

Publishing Date: 01/09/2014
Mongolia seen from Space

UN-SPIDER invites applications from representatives of relevant institutions, organizations, companies or universities interested in joining the expert team for the upcoming Technical Advisory Mission to Mongolia. The mission will be conducted at the invitation of the National Emergency Management Agency of the Government of Mongolia from 11 to 15 August 2014.

The TAM aims to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based and geospatial information in the country and provide recommendations to strengthen disaster management and emergency... read more

Publishing Date: 30/04/2014
Satellite image of deserts in Mongolia

Recognizing the socioeconomic and humanitarian effects of drought in the Asia-Pacific region, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) initiated the Regional Cooperative Mechanism for Drought Monitoring and Early Warning, under its Regional Space Applications Programme (RESAP). The Mechanism is active in five countries: Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Nepal and Myanmar. It provides space-base data, products and services to address gaps in monitoring and early warning for drought.

In Mongolia a large number of people is affected by drought, because of the big amount of people depending on land as a source of their livelihood. It is especially important to strengthen the region’s... read more

Publishing Date: 18/02/2014

Advisory Support

At the request of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Government of Mongolia, UN-SPIDER supported NEMA and stakeholders organisations in strengthening disaster risk management and emergency response by effective use of space based information including data sharing, National Spatial Data Infrastructure, policy level interventions and capacity.

Mission dates: 11/08/2014 to 15/08/2014


NAMHEM’s main activity is weather forecasting. The agency receives data from the National Center for Remote Sensing and FY-2 satellites from China. There are 21 provincial offices; each province has a NAMHEM bureau. The information is centralized at NAMHEM and dispatched to other offices. NAMHEM gets accurate information on wind speed through a sensor situated on top of a 20 m tower in Ulaan Baator. The agency has super-computing facilities for weather modelling and produce mid-term information (10 days weather forecasts). The main disasters addressed are flood, dust storm, heavy snow and blizzards, strong winds and rainfall.

ITPTA is a policy making body of the government of Mongolia responsible for communication and early warning systems. They established an Earthquake Early Warning System for the Mongolia National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) on a trial basis at 12 locations in 3 provinces around Ulaan Baator, which will be operational by the end of 2014. ITPTA plans to integrate their system with an existing... read more

UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund , is the UN agency delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled. In Mongolia, UNFPA supports the government in the use of population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every birth is safe and wanted.


More information:

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN’s global development network, working in 177 countries and territories. UNDP opened its representative office in Ulaanbaatar in 1973 after more than a decade of successful cooperation with Mongolia. Ever since, UNDP has worked for equitable and sustainable development for the benefit of all Mongolians.

More information:

Based on the Parliament law of Mongolia on Disaster Protection, which was passed in June 2003, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) was established with the duty to conduct nationwide activities for disaster protection. All the 21 provinces and the capital city have a NEMA emergency management division and department.

NEMA’s main duties are to develop environmental legislation on disaster protection, to provide strategic management, to evaluate disaster risk and , to implement activities on disaster... read more

IEWCU was established in 2010 to manage emergency calls for the whole UB city including emergency (call 101-105), ambulance (call 103) and police (call 102). The emergency services focus mainly on fire hazards and other operations for saving lives. They have plans to combine the emergency number 105 with 101 to function under one emergency response system.

RCAG is an academic institute focusing on Earthquake preparedness created in 1957. It has developed an early warning system... read more

NRSC is a research institute under the Meteorological Agency of Mongolia. They operate the satellite data storage system for MODIS, NOAA and FY satellites. NRSC also publishes ( and sharees value added information (Wildfire, NDVI, Snow Coverage, and Land Surface Temperature) extracted from satellite data.

The Mongolia National Data Center (NDC) has the capacity to store and share all databases of all the government departments.


On 17 July, a severe flood occurred Bayanzurkh, Khan-Uul districts of Ulaanbaatar city; Tseel, Togrog soums of Gobi-Altai province, some areas of Dundgobi and Tov provinces.

Source : Glide number

Ressources from OCHA/Reliefweb, click here

Ressources from ADRC, click here

As the extension of the ongoing H1N1 pandemic, Mongolia has been experiencing a serious epidemic of H1N1 since October 12 and as of November 9, the latest available statistics from the Ministry of Health indicate that a total of 929 people have been infected with this virus and nine people died, including two pregnant women.


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