A new study founded by NASA and published on November 11 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows a 13-year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon. While the decline was small, the area affected encompassed 5.4 million square kilometres, equivalent to over half the area of continental United States.
NASA satellites were fundamental in the study and were used to measure the "greenness" of the vegetation in the Amazon. Moreover, they were used in a new and innovative way.
The Chilean Space Agency belongs to the Chilean Ministry of National Defence. It facilitates the development of space based-information and technology for the application in different national activities. It promotes the use of geospatial technologies for the benefit of public policy and the economic and social development of the country, including the regional integration. Website: http://www.agenciaespacial.cl/
The SNIT is part of the Chilean Ministry of National Assets. One of the main goals of the SNIT is to make available public geospatial information to citizens and diverse organizations for decision-making. The SNIT is a permanent mechanism of institutional coordination created to optimize the management of geospatial information in Chile. The SNIT is the focal point for National Geospatial Data Infrastructure.
The Ministry of National Assets is in charge of recognizing, managing and administrating the fiscal patrimony of all Chileans, maintaining the cadastre of the state property to date. It develops, in coordination with other state agencies, policies about the use and incorporation of the fiscal patrimony to promote a sustainable economic, social and cultural development of the country. Website: http://www.bienesnacionales.cl/
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the State Office responsible for planning, directing, coordinating, executing and disseminating Foreign Policy as determined by the President of the Republic. It is also responsible for coordinating the activities of other ministries and public organizations in those areas that affect foreign policy. In addition, it intervenes in all matters pertaining to the determination and demarcation of the country’s borders and limits, as well as issues concerning border zones, airspace, maritime zones and Antarctic policy.
GeoSUR is a program of the Andean Development Corporation established in 2007, which aims the establishment of a decentralized network to diffuse geographic information of South America. This objective will be achieved through the most recent space-based technologies.