In July 2011, Togo had received more than 4,000 refugees, most of whom are women and children. The majority of asylum seekers and refugees live in host communities and in urban settings, often in difficult conditions, without access to food and with irregular access to health services. Host communities are also experiencing “host fatigue” due to lack of resources. The Central
The United Nations have accompanied Togo since 1961 in training of human resources, institutional capacity building, technology transfer, etc. UNDP supports Togo to achieve national development objectives oriented towards the fight against poverty and to achieve the Millennium Development. In this context, UNDP support is focused on strengthening national capacities for the formulation, implementation and monitoring of economic and sectoral policies.
Agriculture is one of the main drivers of Togo’s economy, but the steep drop in global cotton prices in recent years dealt a blow to many farmers. The rates of food insecurity and vulnerability are really high, as well as the country’s risk to natural disasters and the lack of income diversification.
The mission of the WHO Togo Country Office is to promote the attainment of the highest sustainable level of health by all people living in Togo through collaboration with the government and other partners in health development and the provision of technical and logistic support to country programmes.
MERF is responsible for coordinating the development and implementing policies about all that concerns environmental issues, forest resources and wildlife. It also aims to develop the legislation for environmental protection,
The torrential rains of September and early October 2010 in West Africa especially in Benin and Togo have caused the overflow of rivers and consequently caused flooding in many parts of Togo especially in the South. The rainy season started in Togo in June and immediately the downpour have been causing severe flooding in many parts of the country with a lot of humanitarian concerns.
The Republic of Togo is prone to frequent floods and droughts. Locust plagues contribute to endangering the food security of the local population. In addition, vector borne diseases and epidemics of weather- and climate-sensitive infectious diseases cause massive disruption to societies. At the invitation of the Government of Togo, a UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission was requested to identify potential areas where space-based technology and information could play a greater role, and propose recommendations how to improve Togo's access to these resources.
Tue, 14/07/2009 to Fri, 17/07/2009
Ministry of Environment and Forest Resources
Under the coordination of UN-SPIDER, the mission team comprised 10 experts from the UN-OCHA Regional Office West Africa in Senegal, the World Health Organisation (WHO), the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) of Nigeria, the Regional Centre for Training in Aerospace Surveys (RECTAS) and from the African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in French Language (CRASTE-LF) based in Morocco.
The mission included meetings with representatives of various government agencies including the Ministry of Environment and Forest Resource, the Department of Cadastre and Cartography, the Fire Department and with representatives of UN organizations in Togo (WHO, FAO, UNDP, OCHA etc.). The mission also included a two-day workshop with representatives from more than 30 governmental agencies and national institutions involved in disaster management activities.
The expert team found that:
Recognizing the need to reduce the impacts of events such as floods, Togo is shifting efforts from emergencyresponse to disaster-risk management (DRR). Such efforts include mainstreaming DRR activities in development plans, risk assessment, early warning and preparedness.
The government of Togo is in the process of updating disaster management plan with the support of UNDP consultants.
While several organizations are involved in disaster management, none of them use space-based information in their planning or implementation. The main reasons include the lack of awareness amongst decision makers about the usage of space based information in disaster management, the lack of opportunities to access space based information, the lack of technical expertise to make use of such information, and the lack of financial resources.
In Togo several government institutions have the capacity to use GIS including the Department of Cartography and Cadastre (DCC), the Ministry of Environment and Forest Resources, the Water Commission and the University of Lome;
In the context of remote sensing, both the DCC and the University of Lome have the capacities to process remote sensing data;
There is a need to generate geo-spatial data to be used in disaster-risk management and emergency response efforts. Nevertheless, the mission took note of the fact that The Surveyor General is implementing a national spatial data infrastructure. The project called SIGIT will be hosted by the National Geographic Institute. When the project is completed, all available space-based data will be available in digital format and new data will be collected and thus update existing database;
Currently no Government institution is in the position to activate the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters.
Given the efforts conducted by several institutions on DRR, a recommendation is made to these institutions to use space-based technology and information for disaster risk reduction in a systematic way, e.g. through risk mapping and vulnerability analysis;
Political actors need to be mobilised and get their support so that government agencies can implement the SIGIT project focusing on the spatialdata infrastructure, and facilitate data development and capacity building on the use of space based information for disaster management and emergencyresponse;
Government institutions should conduct an inventory of the existing spatial data (topographic maps, thematic maps, satellite imageries, aerial photographs, orthophotos and geodetic data) and identify the producers and users of spatial data;
UN-SPIDER, the International Charter and other mechanisms in place should provide spatial data with a minimum of processing requests: It is recommended that disaster management agencies/authorities keep record of the support offered by UN-SPIDER and establish mechanism to coordinate with UN-SPIDER in case of disasters;
The government agencies should facilitate institutional strengthening through the training of their staff on the use of GIS and remote sensing applications in the areas of disaster risk reduction and emergency response;
From 13 to 17 July 2009, UN-SPIDER conducted a technical advisory mission to Togo upon the official request of the Togolese Government to assess the existing use of space-based technology and information for disaster management and