The International Charter "Space and Major Disasters" was activated on 27 November 2012 by the Environment Agency of England and Wales, after widespread floods had hit a number of regions. Among the affected areas are: Somerset levels, Oxford, Tewkesbury, Darlington to York, Nene Washlands, and Nottingham. Approximately 1,800 properties have flooded since last Wednesday, while flood defences have protected more than 54,000 homes. Over 106,000 properties have been sent a flood warning.
Nigeria continues to be heavily affected by floods. The country’s National Emergency Management Agency reported that floods had killed 431 people and displaced 1.3 million more. Floods had also wiped out 152,575 hectares (377,020 acres) of farmland, and Nigerians could expect rapidly rising food prices as a result.
The UN-SPIDER Regional Support Office in Ukraine (Space Research Institute NASU-NSAU) supported the relief efforts following the September floods in Cameroon by providing flood maps. In September 2012, the northern part of Cameroon was hit by severe floods. Subsequently, the International Charter “Space and Major Disasters” was activated to acquire satellite images over affected regions.
On 18 September 2012, the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated for floods in Pakistan. Torrential rain, which began on 5 September, had caused flash floods in Pakistan leaving an estimated one million people homeless.
The International Charter Space and Major Disasters was activated for floods on Thursday 6 September 2012 in the region of Maga, Mayo-Danay, Cameroon. The Charter was activated by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) on behalf of Civil Protection Directorate, Cameroon.
The Agustin Codazzi Geographic Institute (IGAC), host of UN-SPIDER's Regional Support Office in Colombia, conducted a case study to identify flooded areas in Colombia during the maximum rainfall period of the years 2010-2012.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters has been activated three times in the past two days to provide satellite imagery and maps regarding floods in Niger, Senegal and Nigeria. West African nations experience torrential rains during their annual rain season, but this season has been reported as the worst in 50 years.