On 23 February 2013, the International Charter "Space and Major Disasters" was activated to provide satellite imagery and maps for responders to Cyclone Haruna. Haruna had had struck southwest Madagascar on Friday 22 February 2013. The Cyclone had made landfall as a Category 2 storm with wind speeds of up to 105 mph.
Within the project “Providing Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technical support for Disaster Risk Reduction programs implemented by DIPECHO partners in the South East African and South West Indian Ocean region”, UN-SPIDER, together with the Italian-based NGO Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI) and the Geoinformatic Centre from the University of Salzburg (Z-GIS) carried out a mission to Antananarivo, Madagascar in November 2010 with the aim of conducting a national seminar.
Tue, 09/11/2010 to Thu, 11/11/2010
Jörg Szarzynski, UN-SPIDER
The mission included a national seminar that provided a general overview regarding space-based information, UN-SPIDER’s role and existing international mechanisms such as the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters. The seminar focused on practical application of GIS and EO tools to address disasterpreparedness and response planning. The national seminar brought together delegations from Madagascar and the Comores Island. Participants represented government institutions (National Bureau for Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC), Bureau for Prevention and Emergency Response (CPGU), The Emergency Operations Center of the Civil Protection (COSEP), the Geographic and Hydrographic National Institute (FTM), and the National Meteorology Department of Madagascar), NGOs (COOPI, CARE, MDM, Medair, ICCO, RTM), the European Union, GTZ and various organizations of the United Nations.
The mission allowed UN-SPIDER to become aware of the technical capacity available in Madagascar and the Comores Island in the areas of disaster-risk management and emergencyresponse. Representatives of these ministries, institutions and NGOs were made aware of the UN-SPIDER programme and its activities, of potential areas where space-based technology and information could play a greater role and on the type of support that the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters can provide.
– The southern part of Madagascar has been brutally affected by Cyclone Fanele, which hit the island in the early hours of 21 January. A recent World Health Organization assessment notes that over 20,500 people have been affected by Fanele and Tropical Storm Eric, which arrived on the 19th.
Madagascar: Tropical storm Eric and cyclone Fanele hit the country on 19th of January 2009. A total of 20,555 people are affected with 4,004 left homeless. Ten people are reported dead and 36 wounded. The available data indicated the destruction of 5 health centres and 2 hospitals in Menabe region. WHO is supporting the Initial rapid Assessment with government and partners as well as response activities.