NASA's ER-2 instrumented research aircraft is supporting CalWater 2015, a multiagency, interdisciplinary field campaign, designed to improve the understanding of when and how California ends up on the receiving end of atmospheric rivers. Atmospheric rivers are short-lived weather events that carry a flood of moisture from the tropics to the U.S. West Coast. The instrument also measures how much rain these events can bring, which is a crucial concern in the state’s ongoing historic drought.
Scientists of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, have found that the south-west and the central plains of the United States of America could face super-droughts in the future.
The study published in the journal Science Advances compares earlier droughts with climate simulations for the coming decades. The team reconstructed past climate conditions and compared these with 17 climate models and soil moisture assessments.
NASA and the governments of Cyprus, Brunei and Argentina have recently invested in the development of new Search and Rescue (SAR) network infrastructure solutions and next-generation Medium Earth Orbit Search and Rescue (MEOSAR) systems.
The French Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) is developing the oceanography satellite SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography), that will incorporate unprecedented technological innovations to observe the ocean surface and underlying physical processes.
Recent data by the U.S. National Drought Mitigation Center show that the Southwest of the US has been affected by droughts for 11 of the past 14 years and that in 2014 the worst levels of drought has been registered in California.
In the context of NASA's Earth Venture-class projects, five new suborbital investigation campaigns will begin in 2015 to monitor the effects of air pollution, warming ocean waters, and fires on our climate.
The latest airborne field campaigns represent the second series of a project launched by the National Research Council in 2007 with a budget of $30 million granted to each mission.