Somalia experienced one of the deadliest tropical cyclones in its history when on November 10–11, 2013, Tropical Cyclone 3A moved over Puntland causing flash floods that according to news reports left more than 100 dead and destroyed hundreds of homes as well as thousands of livestock.
Some wildfire experts state that the expansion of communities in Colorado’s Fire Zone during the last decades is an important factor to understand the increasing destruction caused by wildfires of the area. The six most destructive fires in Colorado prior to 2000 destroyed an average of 15 homes, according to the Colorado State Forest Service. However, in the last years Colorado’s wildfires have become increasingly destructive, with the Waldo Canyon fire of 2012 burning down 346 homes.
CIMSS is a Cooperative Institute formed through a Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1980. Directed by Dr. Steve Ackerman, CIMSS operates as an institute within the Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC).
Scientists of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) have identified a distinctive atmospheric wave pattern high above the Northern Hemisphere that can foreshadow the emergence of summertime heat waves in the United States more than two weeks in advance. The study was conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, NASA, and the National Science Foundation (NSF), which is NCAR's sponsor. NASA scientists helped guide the project and are involved in broader research in this area.
Data provided by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite has helped experts to analyze the unusual flash floods that affected territories from Oklahoma to Tennessee during the first two weeks of August 2013 causing at least two deaths and damages in hundreds of homes and other structures.
For more than a decade Earth-observing satellites have been scanning the surface of our planet searching for fires while scientists combine their space-based data to predict crucial fire behavior and therefore try to mitigate potential damages. In the western United States, California and Colorado, the 2013 wildfire season has started earlier than normal due to the favorable conditions for fire present in this area.