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Chile - Expert Mission

Dates: 
Mon, 15/03/2010 - Sun, 21/03/2010
Advisory Mission Facts
Main Hazards: 
Drought
Main Hazards: 
Earthquake
Main Hazards: 
Forest Fire
Main Hazards: 
Flood
Main Hazards: 
Mass Movement
Main Hazards: 
Tsunami
Main Hazards: 
Volcanic Eruption
Mission details
<p>Chile is exposed to a variety of hazards including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, forest fires, floods, and droughts. Chile has been impacted by some of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in recent history. For a large earthquake in February 2010 the International Charter: Space and Major Disaster was activated, and UN-SPIDER was requested to provide support. To follow up on this support, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs requested a UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission in March 2010.</p>
Host Institution: 
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile
Mission Expert: 
Juan Carlos Villagran, UN-SPIDER
Mission Profile: 
<p>The mission included meetings with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Assets, the National System for the Coordination of Territorial Information, the National Office for Emergency of the Ministry of the Interior (ONEMI), the Space Commission of Chile, and other government agencies. The mission also included a field visit to the regions of Talca and Constitucion, which were heavily impacted by both the earthquake and the tsunami.</p> <p>In addition, the mission included follow-up meetings in Washington D.C. with representatives of the World Bank, and with government agencies of the United States (Department of State, US Agency for International Aid (USAID), US Foreign Disaster Assistance (USOFDA) and NASA), as well as with representatives from Thermopylae Sciences and Technology, a consulting company providing support to US Southern Command.</p>
Mission Outcome: 
<ul> <li>ONEMI has a long tradition in the context of emergency response. But in the case of the earthquake, it experienced a breakdown in telecommunications that inhibited the coordination of emergency response activities during several hours after the earthquake.</li> <li>The Government of Chile and ONEMI are well aware of the benefits of space-based information in the context of emergency response, and have requested the activation of the Charter and of UN-SPIDER in such cases.</li> <li>While ONEMI had received training from the National Commission on Space Activities of Argentina (CONAE) on the processing of satellite imagery for emergency response, the amount of satellite imagery provided to ONEMI demanded support from other government agencies and universities for its processing.</li> <li>In its coordinating role, ONEMI has the capacity to mobilize the support of other government agencies and academia in case of disasters.</li> </ul> <p>ONEMI and the other agencies could greatly benefit from processing the satellite imagery provided by a variety of space agencies to elaborate a mosaic map of satellite imagery donated as a way to identify which geographic areas are covered and where there are gaps that need to be filled.</p> <p>To better present information to decision makers in case of emergency response, geo-viewers, such as the one developed by Esri, could be very useful to display information regarding the impacts of the event and additional layers. The use of these tools should be explored by ONEMI.</p> <p>The Government of Chile is recommended to continue its efforts towards the establishment of the Chilean Space Agency as a way to promote the use of space-based applications in a variety of areas, including disaster-risk management and emergency response.</p> <p>ONEMI and other agencies could systematize lessons learned from the use of space-based information in the case of the 2010 earthquake and explore the use of other space-based technologies in case of emergency response including satellite telecommunications and GNSS.</p>

Cameroon - Technical Advisory Mission

Dates: 
Mon, 06/06/2011 - Fri, 10/06/2011
Advisory Mission Facts
Mission details
<p>Cameroon is exposed to floods in the far north, landslides in the western mountainous regions and to carbon dioxide emissions from the bottom of Lake Nyos likely to cause explosions. Between 1980 and 2010, Cameroon witnessed nearly 40 significant disasters which, according to official figures, killed 4,931 people, affected 272,180 others and caused economic damage in the range of millions of dollars. The Government of Cameroon requested a UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission to assess the potential of space-based information in responding to these hazards.</p>
Host Institution: 
Department of Civil Protection (DPC) of the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization
Mission Team: 
<p>The mission was coordinated by UN-SPIDER with the support of 10 experts from UNOCHA ROWA (Senegal), the National Space Research and Development Agency of Nigeria (NASRDA), the Algerian Space Agency (ASAL), the Regional Centre for Training in Aerospace Surveys (RECTAS), Planet Action France and DMC &amp; DMCii (Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.) of United Kingdom.</p>
Mission Profile: 
<p>The Mission included institutional visits to Cameroon ministries, UN institutions involved with disaster management or space-based technologies. A stakeholder workshop was organized bringing together more than 70 experts of the Cameroon disaster management, geospatial and academic community.</p>
Mission Findings: 
<ul> <li>The mission and related workshop have highlighted the high levels of expertise available across all participating organizations in Cameroon, including in the academic environment;</li> <li>Educational capacities exist to train qualified professionals in various fields related to disaster management;</li> <li>Resources for telecommunications (including satellite-based) are available to support prevention, early-warning and response in case of disasters;</li> <li>Poor integration of information regarding natural hazards into environmental protection measures and a low level of awareness by the population regarding these hazards;</li> <li>A lack of a comprehensive regulation governing natural hazards.</li> </ul>
Mission Recommendations: 
<p>The mission team recommends the incorporation of the use of space-based information in policies targeting civil protection and integrate the use of space based information in disaster-risk management and emergency response efforts carried out by the Civil Protection agency.</p> <p>As the research and academic community is a major source of expertise for risk and disaster management, the country could benefit from mobilizing it better, in particular in the area of capacity building at the national level.</p> <p>The Civil Protection agency would benefit from carrying out an awareness campaign targeting the national as well as the local levels on issues related to disaster-risk management, preparedness and emergency response.</p> <p>The Civil Protection agency as well as other government agencies are recommended to offer trainings on the generation and use of space-based information in efforts related to disaster-risk management and emergency response.</p> <p>Government agencies, including the Civil Protection agency, should establish a Geospatial Database Infrastructure as a way to share data more effectively.</p> <p>UN-SPIDER could facilitate, on a periodic basis and at the request of all stakeholders, data and information to the National Observatory of Risks (ONR) established in 2003 and whose main mission is to centralize all available information on risks.</p> <p>UN-SPIDER could also facilitate data and information to the Geological and Volcanological Research Station (ARGV) which monitors Lake Nyos, through the Director of Civil Protection.</p>

Call for experts for Technical Advisory Mission to Cape Verde closed

In the May 2012 Updates, UN-SPIDER called for experts for its Technical Advisory Mission from 30 July to 3 August to Cape Verde.

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Thu, 28/06/2012 - 12:19

UN-SPIDER May 2012 Updates

Issue Date: 
Mon, 04/06/2012

 The UN-SPIDER May 2012 Updates contain the following topics:

UN-SPIDER at a glance:

UN-SPIDER Mission to Myanmar

UN-SPIDER successfully concluded its Technical Advisory mission to Myanmar, which was conducted from 19 to 23 March at the invitation from the Government through the Relief and Resettlement Dep

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Tue, 20/03/2012 - 08:39
latitude: 
21.914
longitude: 
95.9562

UN-SPIDER Mission to Tonga

 

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Tue, 20/03/2012 - 08:28
latitude: 
-21.179
longitude: 
-175.198

Plans for Technical Advisory Mission to Sri Lanka taking shape

At the request of the Government of Sri Lanka, UN-SPIDER planned the Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) to Sri Lanka from 17 to 21 October 2011.

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Fri, 02/09/2011 - 16:36
latitude: 
7.87305
longitude: 
80.7718

June 2011

Issue Date: 
Wed, 06/07/2011

In this issue:

 

UN-SPIDER News

Technical Advisory Mission to Bangladesh

In March 2011 the Government of Bangladesh, through the Disaster Manage

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Fri, 01/07/2011 - 11:42
latitude: 
23.7099
longitude: 
90.4071

UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission to Cameroon

In October 2010, the Government of Cameroon, represented by the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization, Department of Civil Protection, officially requested a UN-SPIDER Technic

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Mon, 27/06/2011 - 12:00
latitude: 
3.86667
longitude: 
11.5167