In January 2014, Mount Sinabung on Indonesia's Sumatra island has exploded intensively and repeatedly, forcing thousands of residents to vacate their houses. While eruptions have weakened and are less violent now, the volcanic activity of Mount Sinabung is ongoing.
The Sinabung volcano was seen as non-active, with no historical records of eruptions, until 2010. A brief eruption back then caused the evacuation of about 30,000 nearby residents and other eruptions have followed since.
On 20 October, NASA's Landsat 8 captured multiple lava flows streamed down Klyuchevskaya northern and western flanks with its onboard Operational Land Imager (OLI). Klyuchevskaya (also spelled Kliuchevskoi), located on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula, is one of the world’s most active volcanoes.
Details of around 2,000 major volcanic eruptions which occurred over the last 1.8 million years have been made available in a new open access database, complied by scientists at the University of Bristol with colleagues from the UK, US, Colombia and Japan. The open access database of Large Magnitude Explosive Eruptions (LaMEVE) will provide this crucial information to researchers, civil authorities and the general public alike. LaMEVE is freely available online.