An outbreak of measles occurred in Northern Cameroon since early 2008, and intensified with the arrival of Chadian refugees in that locality in February 2008. Government organized an immunization campaign in 2008, but several families deliberately refused to get their children vaccinated.
The initial cholera outbreaks were reported in the country as early as October 2008 in Mpulungu district of Northern Province, cases were mainly emanating from the fishing camps. Sometime mid November the outbreak spread to Southern Province districts of Mazabuka and Livingstone, Lusaka was also affected around the same time.
Recurrent yellow fever outbreaks have been registered in the Central African Republic. The recent outbreaks are requesting a response in 2 separate geographic areas of the country, with one of them being close to the capital Bangui.
Due to the proliferation of dengue cases, the Government has declared sanitary emergency in 4 regions of Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Beni, Pando y Cochabamba) and the military has been mobilised to help with the delivery of assistance.
The Government of Togo through a press release on 12 December 2008 has officially confirmed the outbreak of cholera epidemic in the country?s capital Lome and its environs. The outbreak is attributed to the poor sanitation habit of the population, lack of portable water source as well as the effects of the recent floods in the country.
An Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever outbreak has been declared in the Mweka health zones of the Western Kasai province following the death of a parturient, her baby and the person who accompanied them to the hospital.