Guías para la gestión de riesgos y la respuesta en caso de emergencias o desastres

Para garantizar una aplicación tecnológica exitosa en la gestión de riesgos y la respuesta en caso de emergencias o desastres, la información obtenida desde el espacio debe estar adecuadamente integrada en las políticas, planes y procedimientos operacionales existentes. Por lo tanto, el contar con información general sobre este tipo de aspectos organizativos resulta útil para apoyar este proceso de integración.

Esta sección provee un resumen de las características de los distintos tipos de desastres tales como los tipos de impactos y daños y operaciones en caso de emergencia; así como sobre medidas asociadas a la gestión de riesgos. Además esta sección incluye enlaces a otras guías existentes sobre la gestión de riesgos y la respuesta en caso de emergencias o desastres que han sido compiladas por otras instituciones.

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  1. Drought In general, drought is defined as an extended period - a season, a year, or several years - of deficient rainfall relative to the statistical multi-year average for a region. However, dozens of more specific drought definitions are used...
  2. Earthquake When there is a shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth caused by underground movement along a fault plane or by volcanic activity, then it is the time of earthquake. The scale of earthquake is commonly measured by Richter scale...
  3. Epidemic considered as a disaster because it is obviously affected people. Based on data and statistics from 1980-2008 the number of people killed was 183,278 people and the number of people affected was 19,411,394[1]. An epidemic is defined as the...
  4. [no-glossary]Extreme Temperature[/no-glossary] Changes in temperature extremes tend to follow mean temperature changes in many parts of the world. IPCC indicate that cold extreme cold extremes warm faster than warm extremes by about 30% – 40%...
  5. Flood A simple definition of flooding is water where it is not wanted. Another, more comprehensive definition of a flood is: A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from overflow of inland or...
  6. Mass Movements Mass movements are massive failures of slope masses including rock, debris, soils and snow/ice (Parkash, National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi). These mass movements are sometimes associated with other disaster such as...
  7. Tsunami “Tsunami” is a Japanese word in which “tsu” means harbor and “nami” means wave. Thus the word means “harbor wave”. Tsunami is a series of waves that can travel at speeds averaging 450 (and up...
  8. Volcano volcano is a mountain opening downwards to the reservoir of molten rock towards the surface of earth. Volcanoes are made by the accrual of igneous products. As the pressure from gases in the molted rock becomes intense, the eruption takes...
  9. What is a wildfire? A wildfire is an unplanned, unwanted wildland fire including unauthorized human-caused fires[fn]NWCG (National Wildfire Coordinating Group), 2006, Glossary of Wildfire Terminology, p.179. http://www.fire.uni-freiburg.de/...