This section provides insight into how satellite technology can benefit the medical community in disaster and risk management. There are two major intersections between health support in disaster management and the use of space technologies.
1. In the response phase of the disaster management cycle, medical care to disaster survivors may greatly benefit from satellite communication (SatCom), especially in remote areas or when conventional communication lines are interrupted. SatCom support to disaster medicine is a specific part of the telemedicine concept which encompasses consultative, diagnostic, and treatment information exchanged via electronic communications media.
2. In the mitigation and preparedness phases, the risk of vector-borne diseases can be spatially modeled based in part on remotely sensed data. Vector-borne diseases are characterized by pathogenic microorganisms or viruses being transmitted to humans by an intermediary host organism, the so-called vector (e.g. the Anopheles mosquito in case of Malaria disease). spatial data on land cover, vegetation, humidity, open waters, and surface temperature serve to evaluate the habitat conditions for the abundance and growth of vector populations.
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