Australia's Bureau of Meteorology predicted that at the end of this year a strong El Nino effect can bring extreme weather around the world. Computer models based on satellite and meteorological observation data made this prediction.
The Sentinel-1 satellite of the European Space Agency delivered its first images. As UN-SPIDER reported, the satellite was launched successfully on 3 April. The mission is the first of ESA’s Copernicus environmental monitoring programme.
A study conducted by the Berlin-based think-tank Global Climate Forum (GCF) with the support of the University of Southampton includes a comprehensive global simulation result on future flood damages to buildings and infrastructure in coastal flood plains. The researchers conclude that over the next couple of decades the financial damages from storm surge flooding may rise from $10-$40 billion a year to up to $100,000 billion per year.
Due to floods on Oman, USGS on behalf of National Civil Defense and Ambulance General Authority of Oman requested the activation of the International Charter Space and Major Disasters for 22 November 2013.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated twice in the context of Hurricane Sandy - the largest Atlantic tropical storm system on record. UNITAR/UNOSAT on behalf of UNOCHA activated the mechanism on 29 October 2012 for Haiti. Hurricane Sandy tore through the Caribbean between 26-28 October, leaving a reported 51 dead in Haiti and another 15 missing.