Viet Nam


Dengue fever is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. “Today the disease is endemic in 141 countries, affecting 390 million people and with a global annual cost estimated at almost US$9 billion. Since 2000, there has been an increase of over 100% in the number of cases of dengue fever in Vietnam, and there is currently no system for forecasting future dengue outbreaks.” according to a Space for Development article. Through their ability to capture important insights about rainfall, temperature, humidity, and soil moisture, among other factors,  Earth observation satellites could offer a way to detect early warning signs of the disease.

In an attempt to help reduce the prevalence of... read more

Publishing Date: 20/08/2019
Landsat 8 captured the Lower Sesan II Dam and its adjacent rivers on 1 February 2018. While in 2010, 3 percent of Cambodia’s domestically generated electricity came from hydropower, by 2016, hydropower supplied 60 percent. Image: NASA.

Vietnamese and American researchers joined efforts to develop a satellite-based system approach to monitor and manage transboundary flooding.

The teams from the Viet Nam National Center for Water Resources Planning and Investigation (NAWAPI) and the University of Washington co-developed and implemented an advanced water forecasting system. Recently, Viet Nam launched the satellite-based system aiming to improve timely access to upstream reservoir information in transboundary river basins of the Red and Mekong rivers. The satellite-based system provides various ways to achieve this objective.

Estimate reservoir storage and outflow

With the mass balance approach users can calculate reservoir storage and outflow with satellite data. The key inputs of the dam system are precipitation and inflow. Therefore, satellite precipitation data and hydrologic models provide... read more

Publishing Date: 06/03/2019
An Epsilon-4 rocket lifts-off from Uchinoura Space Centre in Japan on 18 January 2019. Image: JAXA.

A new Earth observation satellite developed by Viet Nam, which aims to enhance the country’s ability to respond to disasters and climate change, was launched into space on 18 January 2019. The MicroDragon satellite was put into orbit via an Epsilon-4 rocket, which lifted-off from the Uchinoura Space Centre in Kagoshima Prefecture in Japan.

The satellite is designed to monitor the quality of water in coastal areas, locate fishery resources, and observe changes in the ocean to assist Viet Nam’s aquaculture sector. MicroDragon will locate and provide accurate information on disasters such as oil spills. The satellite will also measure the concentration of aerosols, microscopic particles suspended in the Earth’s atmosphere. Moreover, MicroDragon aims to contribute to data exchange with the global microsatellite community to support the global response to climate change... read more

Publishing Date: 23/01/2019

UN-SPIDER is working with the Viet Nam Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Viet Nam Disaster Management Authority (VNDMA) and the Disaster Management Policy and Technology Center (DMPTC) to promote the use of space-based information in disaster management.

From 13 to 17 August 2018, a team of experts led by UN-SPIDER visited Viet Nam upon invitation from VNDMA and conducted multiple activities in Hanoi. The team was comprised of six experts from UN-SPIDER, Delta State University and the National Disaster Reduction Center of China (NDRCC). This visit followed up on the progress of the recommendations of the 2013 Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) and aimed at continuing the ongoing engagement with VNDMA and DMPTC, as well as assisting the stakeholders in implementing those recommendations.

The team had a... read more

Publishing Date: 23/08/2018
Typhoon Bebinca captured by NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite as it approaches Viet Nam on 14 Aug. Image:NASA/NOAA Worldview

The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) has activated the International Charter “Space and Major Disasters” for Typhoon Bebinca in Viet Nam, which is expected to make landfall on 17 August. UNOOSA activated the Charter on behalf of the Vietnam Disaster Management Authority.

Meteorologists have forecasted wind speeds up to 90 kph and up to 300mm of rain in the coming days due to the typhoon, bringing the potential for severe flooding and landslides. More than 500,000 people, including soldiers, police officers and civilian volunteers, have been mobilized by Viet Nam’s ministry of defence in order to help civilians in storm-affected areas. Border and coast guards from Quang Ninh down to Quang Binh Province have already ordered mass evacuations of those living in the coastal regions.

The Charter activation will aid disaster managers in Viet Nam to fully assess the impact of the typhoon and the extent of the floods, as well... read more

Publishing Date: 16/08/2018
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
Heavy rainfall in Vietnam between October and November 2008 (Image: NASA)

The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated for flooding in Vietnam on 30 July at 16:00 (UTC+02:00). The mechanism was triggered by UNITAR/UNOSAT on behalf of UN ESCAP.

The torrential rain that the northern area of Vietnam has experienced, the heaviest in forty years, started on 26 July and has caused the inundation of thousands of homes and left at least 17 dead.  

“Particularly affected is the Quang Ninh Province on Vietnam's north coast, with cities including Halong, Cam Pha, Uong Bi, Dong Trieu, Van Don and Hoanh Bo all experiencing flooding. In some areas the flood waters have reached 2 metres in height, prompting rescue efforts to evacuate hundreds of residents to safe locations. It is estimated that more than 3000 homes have been affected by the floods,” the Charter informed.

The heavy rain has caused as well landslides affecting the mountainous areas of the province and weather forecasts predict that further flooding and... read more

Publishing Date: 31/07/2015
True color satellite image of the Gulf of Tonkin in Vietnam (Image: NASA)

The Vietnamese Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and the Indian Department of Space will promote cooperation in remote sensing and outer space technology via joint projects in human resources training and in applying remote sensing technology.

According to an article in Vietnamplus, the two sides made the joint decision during working sessions between a delegation of the Vietnamese ministry, which made a three-day visit to India recently, and officials from India’s Ministry of External Affairs, Department of Space, and Space Research Organisation. 

Both are making preparations for establishing a centre for satellite tracking, data reception and processing for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The center will be located in Vietnam where Vietnamese personnel will be trained to operate the center. India will pay for the... read more

Publishing Date: 18/05/2015
Workshop participants engaged in a simulation exercise

From 10 to 15 November 2014, UN-SPIDER offered a workshop and a simulation exercise to about 100 participants from national institutions, NGOs, and international organizations in Viet Nam. The event was jointly organised with the Geospatial Information and Technology Association (GITA). The Pacific Disaster Centre (PDC), UNDP Viet Nam, OCHA, DigitalGlobe and ESRI also offered considerable support to the workshop. The activity was following up on the Technical Advisory Mission to Vietnam in 2013.

The event was proposed with two objectives: First, to empower the government to use space-based and geospatial information at the local and regional level during a crisis. Second, to foster personal relationships and knowledge exchange required at the local and regional level for successful collaboration during a disaster. The event was based on the "Geospatially Enabling Community Collaboration (GECCo)" framework, which was developed and refined by GITA over a 10-year period and... read more

Publishing Date: 26/11/2014
Satellite view of Typhoon Rammasun while passing over China on 17 July 2014

On 18 and 19 July 2014, the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated twice in order to provide satellite-based maps on the impact of Typhoon Rammasun in the Chinese province of Hainan and in Nothern Vietnam.

In Hainan, 46 people have died and an estimated 100,000 people have been evacuated. In Viet Nam, sixteen people have been reported dead and an estimated 27,000 people have been evacuated.

Rammasun Typhoon - which had already devastated the Philippines and passed over southern China - is now dissipated, but another Typhoon, named Matmo, is forecasted to further damage the area.

The satellite products will be published on the International Charter's website as soon as they become available.

Publishing Date: 23/07/2014

UN-SPIDER Training Activity

UAV and Space Technology for Disaster Management

The aim of the training was to make participants conversant with use of multi-source Earth observation technology (including satellite and UAV, optical and radar data, remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS), 3D modeling and other geospatial technology) in flood mapping. The training...

Date of training: 14/08/2018 to 16/08/2018
Workshop and simulation exercise

The topic of the event was the programme Geospatially Enabling Community Collaboration (GECCo). The purpose of the workshop was to enable government authorities to use space-based and geospatial information at the local and regional levels during a crisis, and to foster personal relationships and the exchange of knowledge required at the local and regional levels for successful collaboration...

Date of training: 10/11/2014 to 15/11/2014

Advisory Support

UN-SPIDER is working with the Viet Nam Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Viet Nam Disaster Management Authority (VNDMA) and the Disaster Management Policy and Technology Center (DMPTC) to promote the use of space-based information in disaster management.

Mission dates: 13/08/2018 to 18/08/2018
Regional Support Offices mentioned:

UN-SPIDER carried out a follow-up activity to the technical advisory mission of 2013, from 7 to 13 May 2016 in Hanoi, Viet Nam. The host institutions were the Disaster Management Centre and Vietnam Space Technology Institute (STI).

Mission dates: 07/05/2016 to 13/05/2016

At the request of the Government of Vietnam, through the Disaster Management Centre, Directorate of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, UN-SPIDER carried out a Technical Advisory Mission to Vietnam to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based information in all the aspects of disaster management in Vietnam and strengthen disaster risk management in the country by providing better access to space-based information for disaster risk reduction as well as response.

Mission dates: 25/03/2013 to 29/03/2013
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