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Disaster statistics: 22 million people displaced in 2013

The report states that almost 22 million people were displaced by disasters

According to a report from the International Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) of the Norwegian Refugee Council, almost 22 million people were forced to flee their homes due to disasters trigge

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Thu, 18/09/2014 - 08:10

Singapore sets up regional disaster relief centre

Asia is heavily and frequently affected by disasters. Here: 2004 tsunami

Singapore is setting up a new regional disaster relief centre that will facilitate the coordination among military responders in Asia serving as an information clearing house.

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Tue, 16/09/2014 - 07:02
latitude: 
1.32668
longitude: 
3.88163

Bhutan - Technical Advisory Mission

Dates: 
Mon, 02/06/2014 - Fri, 06/06/2014
Advisory Mission Facts
Mission details
At the request of the Department of Disaster Management (DDM), Ministry of Home and Civil Affairs (MoHCA), Royal Government of Bhutan, UN-SPIDER organized a Technical Advisory Mission to Bhutan to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based information in Bhutan and to strengthen all aspects of disaster risk management and emergency response through better access to space-based information.
Host Institution: 
Department of Disaster Management (DDM)
Mission Team: 
The mission team comprised seven experts: Shirish Ravan (UNOOSA/UN-SPIDER, China), Karma Lodey Rapten (UNDP, Bhutan), Rajan Bajracharya (ICIMOD, Nepal), Lingling Li (NDRCC, China), Stefan Keinberger (University of Salzburg, Austria), Hari Prasad Vajja (ADPC, Bangladesh) and Satya Parkash Katyal (ISRO, India).
Mission Profile: 
Over the course of five days, the mission team conducted several meetings with key government agencies and institutions accompanied by the UN agencies involved. As part of the Technical Advisory Mission, a one-day workshop was conducted on the penultimate day of the mission. The workshop was attended by about 30 officials representing various ministries and departments of the Royal Government of Bhutan as well as numerous institutions. The workshop sought to generate awareness, address issues and suggest areas where space-based information can be utilized to support the disaster management cycle. During the course of the TAM, the mission team held several discussion sessions to reflect upon their findings to compile the assessments and develop a set of recommendations. On the final day, the team concluded with debriefing sessions with Mr. Chhador Wangdi, Director of DDM, MoHCA, and Ms. Christina Carlson, UNRC in Bhutan.
Mission Findings: 
<p>The mission team was made very much aware of the high priority placed on disaster risk reduction by the Bhutan Government. The importance of disaster risk reduction is echoed as one of the 16 National Key Results Area (NKRA) of the Royal Government of Bhutan for the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) running from 2013 to 2018.</p> <p>The Disaster Management Act rightly identified the need of Hazard zone mapping, vulnerability maps and risk assessment. Thus, the mission team noted the DDM’s strive forward to build technical competence to perform tasks like hazard and risk mapping, assessing vulnerability and providing an efficient response during emergencies.</p> <p>The mission team highlighted that the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) is well positioned to support the disaster risk reduction mandates of Bhutan’s National Disaster Management Authority as the department is currently perceived by stakeholders as the coordination agency. While capacities to use space-based and geospatial information exist in several stakeholder departments, the DDM needs to be strengthened with the appropriate technical capacity and supporting mechanisms to coordinate with stakeholder agencies and develop national programmes.</p> <p>In addition to several agencies using space technology to prepare map products for disaster risk management, there are various organisations implementing projects with national and international partners using Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) technology which are directly or indirectly contributing to disaster management. The coordination of these activities could be further strengthened to make available a wealth of spatial information.</p>
Mission Recommendations: 
<b>Policy, Coordination and Cooperation</b> <ul> <li>Formulation of geo-spatial policy related to disaster risk management, which may evolve finally into a National Spatial Data Infrastructure policy for the country</li> <li>The Disaster Management plans and policies should incorporate the use of space-based information and geospatial technology in Disaster Management</li> <li>A common approach and strategy is needed to define key concepts and terminologies to enable the reduction of disaster risk with a link to climate change adaptation and the pillars of Gross National Happiness (GHP) should be coordinated by Department of Disaster Management (DDM)</li> <li>DDM should further strengthen tools and instruments to coordinate activities, capacities, projects and funds in the context of disaster risk management in Bhutan</li></ul> <b>Data access, availability and sharing</b> <ul> <li>DDM should enumerate its data requirements and coordinate with stakeholder agencies for systematic generation data products required for disaster risk reduction decision making</li> <li>Remote sensing data coverage for the entire country on medium resolution and specific areas on high resolution is required to enable generation of geospatial layers required for disaster risk reduction</li> <li>Satellite data requirements for Bhutan should be streamlined through a single agency to enable judicious utilization of funds. All departments can make use of this data</li> <li>DDM should use CGISC as a platform to plan strategies data needs to address current information gaps for disaster risk reduction</li></ul> <b>Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening</b> <ul><li>A capacity building strategy should be developed to address long-term capacity building needs of DDM and its key stakeholders</li> <li>An institution within Bhutan (for example, College of Science and Technology, Royal University of Bhutan) needs to be enabled to offer regular capacity building progammes</li> <li>Key agencies in Bhutan should be further linked to regional and international networks (e.g. such as GSDI, GEO etc.)</li></ul> <b>Strengthening disaster risk reduction decision making</b> <ul><li> The DDM has a critical role to play in establishing mechanisms which allow rapid data sharing with hazard and to ensure that risk maps produced by stakeholder agencies are of national standard</li> <li>The DDM needs to leverage and expand capacities of stakeholder organisations so that they develop products needed for disaster risk reduction</li> <li>Risk and vulnerability mapping should be carried out initially on a pilot basis to develop methodologies and later these methodologies should be applied at the national level. Specific ‘national missions’ should be initiated through DDM to prepare national and sub-national hazard, vulnerability and risk mapping (in a phased manner based on priorities).</li> <li>Disaster risk reduction activities and related interventions should be further linked to climate change adaptation and the objectives of Gross National Happiness.</li></ul> <b>Strengthening early warning and preparedness</b> <ul><li>The DDM should embed early warning from Bhutan Department of Hydro-Meteorological Service (DHMS) in the risk management plans. Currently, early warning is a standalone element at DHMS, and therefore its benefits to responders at the field level and communities at risk are not fully exploited.</li> <li>The DDM should develop capacities to improve multi-hazard early warning by integrating inputs from DMHS, the Department of Geology & Mines, the National Statistics Bureau and other agencies</li> <li>The DDM should play an important role in tailoring/downscaling early warning information to serve decision makers and population at stake (use community-based disaster risk management programme as a base).</li> <li>The DDM should integrate early warning information in a Disaster Management Information System (DMIS).</li></ul> <b>Strengthening emergency response</b> <ul> <li>DDM should work closely with ICIMOD, which is Data Analysis Node of Sentinel Asia</li> <li>DDM should become an Authorised User of the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters</li> <li>UN-SPIDER may help DDM to access satellite images through its network in case of disasters when the International Charter and Sentinel Asia is not activated.</li> <li>DDM should consider having bilateral arrangements with India (SAARC Framework), Japan, and China to source satellite images during emergencies as well as during normal situations. </li> <li>Integration of satellite images with DMIS during emergency response for decision making.</li> <li>Information sharing channel and calls for “Standing Orders during emergencies” should be clear.</li></ul>

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu

latitude: 
27.7
longitude: 
85.3333

Nepal - International Training Course

From 9 to 13 June 2014, UN-SPIDER conducted an international training programme on multi-level risk profiling jointly with its Regional Support Office ICIMOD.

Date: 
09/06/2014 - 13/06/2014
Title of Training: 
International Training Programme on Multi-level Risk Profiling
Trainers: 
The experts providing the training course included specialists from UN-SPIDER, from ICIMOD, from National Disaster Reduction Centre of China NDRCC (China), and from the National Remote Sensing Centre NRDC (India).
Target Group: 
20 participants from disaster management agencies and stakeholder departments of ICIMOD Member States participated in the training programme. All but one ICIMOD Member state attended the programme: Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan.
Training Profile: 
<p>The training on ‘Regional Training on Multi-level Flood Risk Mapping’ was jointly organized by International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and UN Platform for Space-based information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UNSPIDER) of the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs. Part of the support for this training course comes from “SERVIR-Himalaya”, funded by United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).</p> <p>The purpose of the training programme is to improve disaster risk management using space based and geospatial information by imparting hands-on training to the officials of member countries supported by ICIMOD and UN-SPIDER. </p> <p>The training covered climate change, disaster risk reduction and space technology, developing hazard and vulnerability indicators at national and sub-national level, flood inundation modelling using HEC-RAS methods, flood inundation mapping and monitoring using satellite images and landslide hazard mapping using satellite remote sensing. More than 50% time was devoted to the hands-on sessions on flood inundation model (held by an expert of ICIMOD), on flood mapping and monitoring (held by an expert of NDRCC) and on landslide hazard mapping (held by an expert of the National Remote Sensing Centre of India). UN-SPIDER delivered lectures on climate change, disaster risk reduction and space technology and on the role of space technology in the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA) and HFA2.</p> <a href="http://www.un-spider.org/sites/default/files/2014_Nepal_Training_Report_Final.pdf">Download the training course report.</a>
latitude: 
27.7
longitude: 
85.3333

India National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM)

NIDM is a state agency in India for training and capacity development programs for managing natural disasters in India, on a national as well as regional basis.

latitude: 
28.6218
longitude: 
77.2482

Sri Lanka - National Training Course

As a follow-up to the technical advisory mission (TAM) to Sri Lanka (17-21 October 2011), a four-day capacity-building training course was held.

Date: 
14/08/2012 - 17/08/2012
Title of Training: 
Space Technology for Improving Hazard Mapping in Sri Lanka
Trainers: 
10 experts from various organizations including United Nations agencies, regional organizations, national agencies and institutions led the technical sessions.
Target Group: 
25 participants involved in disaster management and hazard mapping in Sri Lanka participated representing the following agencies: Department Meteorology, Geological Survey and Mines Bureau, National Building Research Organization Coast Conservation Department, Department of Irrigation, Disaster Management Centre, Department of Survey and Mapping, Department of Agriculture, Department of Census and Statistics and Universities.
Training Profile: 
The course was jointly organized by the Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka (DMC) and UN-SPIDER, with support from Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka, UNDP in Sri Lanka and the National Disaster Reduction Centre of China (NDRCC). The broad objective of the training was to strengthen the capacity of the national agencies to use geo-spatial technologies for hazard mapping, hazard monitoring and risk assessments. Besides discussing the current state of use of space-based information for disaster management in Sri Lanka, the experts conveyed knowledge on the LiDAR Digital Evaluation Model, National Spatial Data Infrastructure for flood hazard mapping as well as knowledge on coastal hazard mapping, coastal zone management and integrated shoreline management plans. In addition, NDRCC donated HJ-1 satellite images of entire Sri Lanka and license-free image processing software which can be used by DMC and other organizations in Sri Lanka for hazard mapping as well as for natural resource mapping. <a href="/sites/default/files/Sri%20Lanka%20Training%20Report.pdf">The complete training report is available here.</a>
latitude: 
6.98437
longitude: 
81.0717

Bangladesh - National Training Course

From 12 to 16 May 2013, as a follow-up to the UN-SPIDER techn

Date: 
12/05/2013 - 16/05/2013
Title of Training: 
Space Technology for Flood Hazard Mapping, Flood Forecast and Rapid Mapping in Bangladesh
Trainers: 
The training was conducted by experts from UN-SPIDER, the International Water Management Institute, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and the National Disaster Reduction Centre of China (NDRCC)
Target Group: 
A total of 20 officials from 17 government departments in Bangladesh participated in the programme. These departments included: Department of Disaster Management (DDM), Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO), Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics , Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) , Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD) , Forest Department, Flood Forecast and Warning Center (FFWC), Joint Rivers Commission, Bangladesh (JRCB), Urban Development Directory (UDD) , Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM) , Dhaka University (DU), Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) , Geography /Disaster Science and Mngt. Dept, Dhaka, Dhaka WASA, Armed Forces Division (AFD), Survey of Bangladesh (SoB), Water Resources Management Organization (WRMO).
Training Profile: 
<p>The training covered a wide range of topics such as an overview of the role of Earth Observation in disaster management, the regional plan of action on promoting Space and GIS applications for disaster risk management and sustainable development, global and regional flood hotspot assessment, flood hazard/risk mapping, multi-hazard risk and vulnerability assessment, flood inundation mapping using multi-resolution satellite data, flood response rapid mapping etc. Participants were also offered hands-on sessions to develop skills in mapping and modelling floods.</p> <p>The complete training report is available for download <a href="/sites/default/files/UN-SPIDER-TrainingActivity_Report-Bangladesh.pdf">here</a>.
latitude: 
23.725
longitude: 
90.3845

India - Regional Training Course

Based on observations and recommendations of several technical advisory missions organised under the framework of UN-SPIDER in several countries in Asia, this international capacity building progra

Date: 
22/07/2013 - 26/07/2013
Title of Training: 
Flood risk mapping, modelling and assessment using space technology
Trainers: 
Experts from UN-SPIDER, the Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTEAP), the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA) of Thailand and the National Disaster Reduction Centre of China (NDRCC).
Target Group: 
A total of 19 participants from 11 countries from Asia and the Pacific region attended the training programme, including officials from nine Asian countries (Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines and Sri Lanka) and one Pacific country (Fiji).
Training Profile: 
The programme included theory lectures and experience sharing by the experts. The theory lectures covered climate change and disaster risk reduction, adaptation to enhanced floods, concepts of flood inundation mapping, operational flood alert system of ISRO, monitoring and damage assessment using Space technology, global flood detection system and flood inundation modelling using HEC tools. Hands-on sessions were offered by IWMI and IIRS on the flood inundation mapping using multi-resolution satellite data and flood inundation modelling. The participants also visited the downstream area of the recent floods in Northern India (Kedarnath) that caused heavy losses of life and damage to the property a month ago. The Central Water Commission (Government of India) demonstrated the Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) that collects data on flood levels and discharge of the river and transmits the data trough telemetry system to the servers for flood analysis and decision making.
latitude: 
30.3386
longitude: 
78.0459

China - National Training Course

Back to back with the “United Nations International Conference on Space‐based Technologies for Disaster Management”, the UN-SPIDER Beijing office organized an interactive training sessi

Date: 
21/10/2014 - 22/10/2014
Title of Training: 
Capacity Building Programme on Space technology for Flood & Drought Risk Mapping and Assessment
Trainers: 
The training programme was led by experts of UN-SPIDER, Delta University (United States), the Asia-Pacific Regional Office of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the University of Twente (Netherlands), the International Water Management Institute and the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Target Group: 
25 participants took part in the course: Mid-level managers and technical staff of agencies involved in disaster management and hazard mapping, disaster related education, infrastructure development, disaster forecasting and warning provider, disaster response, natural resource management. Participants came both from member countries of APSCO (Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization) and country partners of UN‐SPIDER.
Training Profile: 
<p>The course focused on disaster risk assessment (especially flood and drought), relief needs assessment, situation analysis, early warning systems, and international standards related to disaster prevention and mitigation. The objective of the training was to strengthen the capacity of the national agencies to use geospatial technologies for flood and drought management. It provided an insight on the use of satellite images and spatial information in flood and drought risk management by providing hands‐on training on using spatial data for risk mapping, flood modelling and rapid mapping (damage assessment). Thus, the training demonstrated the use of space based information in the entire cycle of flood management. The participants benefited from the experience sharing by experts from the centres of excellence, demonstration of the best practices in various countries and practical sessions on the software tools. The full programme is available <a href="http://www.un-spider.org/sites/default/files/Concept_Note_Capacity_Building_Programme_Beijing.pdf"> here</a>.</p>
latitude: 
39.904
longitude: 
116.408