Emergency Mechanisms

In recent years the space community has set up several regional and global Emergency Mechanisms to support disaster response operations through the provision of maps derived from satellite imagery. In addition, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research has set up a programme that also facilitates access to such products. In this section of the UN-SPIDER Knowledge Portal information is provided on the following Emergency Mechanisms: the International Charter Space and Major Disasters, the Copernicus GIO-EMS Mapping Service, Sentinel Asia, SERVIR and UNOSAT.

The understanding of the organizational frameworks of these mechanisms, their activation procedures and workflows is a prerequisite to take advantage of the products provided by these mechanisms.

  1. The Copernicus GIO Emergency Mapping Service (GIO EMS-Mapping) provides all actors involved in the management of disasters, man-made emergency situations and humanitarian crises, with timely and accurate geospatial information derived from satellite...
  2. The International Charter „Space and Major Disasters“ is a worldwide collaboration among space agencies, through which satellite-derived information and products are made available to support disaster response efforts. The Charter has been...
  3. Sentinel Asia is a voluntary initiative led by the Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF) and was established in 2005 as a collaboration among space agencies and disaster management agencies under the APRSAF initiative. It supports...
  4. The SERVIR mechanism is a joint venture between NASA and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). It integrates satellite observations, ground-based data and forecast models to help developing nations in Central America, East...
  5. UNOSAT is a technology-intensive programme under the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) implemented with the support of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and in partnership with UN and non-UN...

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