Latin America and Caribbean

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Drought is a major disaster in Latin America and the Caribbean, affecting roughly 6.6 million people 2015 (Image: CIAT).
According to the September – October 2015 edition of the “Humanitarian Bulletin Latin America and Caribbean” which is published by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), 13.2 million people have been affected by disasters from January to October 2015 in Latin America and the Caribbean. This figure is considerably larger than the one reported by OCHA for this region in 2014 (11.4 million people).
 
The publication identifies drought as a major... read more
Publishing Date: 17/11/2015
Participants of the Regional Expert Meeting in Colombia

UN-SPIDER and its Regional Support Office IGAC conducted a Regional Expert Meeting in Bogota, Colombia from 12 to 14 August within the International Geomatic Week carried out by the Geographic Institute Agustin Codazzi (IGAC). The meeting brought together around 20 participants from the Caribbean, Central America and South America.

The Regional Expert Meeting benefitted from the participation of regional and international experts from the Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRECTEALC), the International Research Centre on El Niño Phenomena (CIIFEN), the Federal University of Santa Maria in Brazil (UFSM) and the Central American Agriculture and Livestock... read more

Publishing Date: 18/08/2015
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
Comparison between sea level increase in 1997 and 2015 at the Eastern Pacific (Source: NASA)

Scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory have found that the ocean levels in Central and Eastern Pacific have increased between March and July 2015, which bears a resemblance to the conditions of the potent El Niño event of 1997-98. The research was carried out through altimetry measurements captured by the OSTM/Jason-2 satellite.

The scientists display a map where sea surface height is measured. Red colour indicates an increase in height due to higher temperatures compared to the average ones (thermal expansion), while blue shows a decrease in sea level because of temperatures lower than average (... read more

Publishing Date: 06/08/2015
EOC members in a video conference with CONAE

Nearly fifteen years ago, space agencies established the International Charter Space and Major Disasters as a way to contribute to disaster response efforts in countries affected by large disasters.  In 2012, the Charter introduced its Universal Access principle, allowing national disaster management authorities around the world to submit requests to the Charter for its activation in case of disasters.

The Argentinean National Space Commission (CONAE... read more

Publishing Date: 03/08/2015
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
Opencast mining image in the north-eastern of Antioquia, Colombia (Image: IGAC/CIAF)

The Agustín Codazzi Geographic Institute (IGAC) through its Research and Development in Geographic Information - CIAF, is developing a methodology to support the identification of illegal areas of opencast mining activities in the north-east of Antioquia Department, Colombia, by using remote sensing and geographic information systems.

According to reports of Colombian Ministry of Mines and Energy in 2011, 63% of the mines do not have legal permits. This makes it very difficult to control, monitor and regulate, which generates environmental and social risks at all levels. The situation greatly affects local communities.

The methodological design of the approach is based on the processing of remote sensing images such as RapidEye, Ultra CAMD and LDCM Landsat 8, visual interpretation, Object-Oriented Image Processing and... read more

Publishing Date: 04/06/2015
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
International Geomatic Week 2015 will particularly focus on "Geospatial information for building peace"

IGAC, the Agustín Codazzi Geographic Institute, UN-SPIDER's Regional Support Office in Colombia, as part of the celebration of its 80 year anniversary, is presenting the sixth edition of the International Geomatics Week. This time the event will take place between 10 and 14 August of 2015 at the Wyndham Hotel Bogota, Colombia.

International Geomatic Week 2015 will focus on "Geospatial information for building peace" and include conferences, workshops, poster sessions, panels and trade shows, all focusing on technological innovations related to Geomatics technologies. The event will include the observation of the International Year of Soils and the Forum of Colombian Spatial... read more

Publishing Date: 14/05/2015
Regional Support Offices mentioned:
Hurricane Mitch approaching Honduras in 1998 (Image: NASA)

Honduran and Colombian authorities participated in an exchange of knowledge to reduce disaster risk. Representatives from national and municipal authorities from both countries did a study visit in Colombia, preparatory sessions and workshops to share their experience. 

As Honduras is one of the countries that is most affected by climate change and disasters triggered by natural hazards the Honduran government wants to adopt a more proactive disaster risk management (DRM) approach, and therefore increase their knowlegde and capacity on how to incorporate risk reduction and... read more

Publishing Date: 08/04/2015

Regional Support Office

El Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi (IGAC) de Colombia y UNOOSA firmaron en el año 2011 un acuerdo de cooperación para establecer la Oficina Regional de Apoyo en Colombia. IGAC promueve en Colombia el uso de información obtenida desde el espacio para distintos propósitos y ha apoyado a ONU-SPIDER en sus actividades conducidas en América Latina y el Caribe. Como Oficina Regional de Apoyo, IGAC continúa ofreciendo expertos a ONU-SPIDER para su Asesoría Técnica a países de la región con el objetivo de contribuir en los esfuerzos de fortalecimiento de capacidades en la región.

The Agustin Codazzi Geographic Institute (IGAC) of Colombia and UNOOSA recently signed a cooperation agreement making IGAC the newest UN-SPIDER RSO. IGAC has been promoting the use of space-based information within Colombia for a variety of purposes and has also been supporting UN-SPIDER in activities conducted in Latin America and the Caribbean. As an RSO, IGAC will continue to provide support in terms of experts towards the provision of technical advisory support to countries within the region and will contribute to capacity building efforts in this region.

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