The International Charter Space and Major Disasters have been activated in Costa Rica on 28 November 2016 due to the consequences of Hurricane Otto. The activation was requested by USGS on behalf of National Emergency Committee Costa Rica.
The International Charter Space and Major Disasters have been activated on 21 November 2016 due to several days of heavy rain in Panama. The activation was requested by the United States Geological Survey.
On 21 Monday 2016 the Otto tropical storm formed in the Caribbean and could reach the hurricane category. The U.S. National Hurricane Center estimated the storm to reach Nicaragua and Costa Rica on Thursday. The storm might strength within the next 48 hours therefore becoming a hurricane in the following days. Reuters reported that the almost-stationary storm, with sustained winds of 80 kilometers per hour, was some 282 km east-southeast of the San Andres Island.
8.2 million people have been affected by natural disasters from January to August 2016 in Latin America and the Caribbean according to the “Humanitarian Bulletin” for the region, a publication of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) recently.
On 20 October 2016 the International Charter Space and Major Disaster was activated due to floods in Panama. The request of activation was due to heavy rain in the Darien and Tonosi province. The situation can worsen because more rain is expected on the following days.
The Mexican Space Agency (AEM) is a decentralized agency of the Federal Government of Mexico, under the supervision of the Secretariat of Communication and Transport. It was officially created in 2010, whilst started operations in 2013. Its mission is to use science and space technology to meet the needs of the Mexican population and to promote innovation and the development of the space sector in Mexico, contributing to the peaceful use of outer space.
The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the Mexican Space Agency (AEM) signed a Cooperation Agreement in Sept. 2016 to incorporate AEM as a Regional Support Office of the UN-SPIDER programme under the UNOOSA framework.
AEM Is the national space agency of Mexico with the goal of transforming Mexico into a country with scientific and technological development activities that can compete at the international level through the development of industrialization programs and frontier‐technology services for social development impact. There is a group of experts working at the AEM in its four strategic areas: 1) International Affairs and Space Security; 2) Industrial Development; 3) Human Capital and; 4) Research and Science.
Avenida Insurgentes Sur # 1685, Guadalupe Inn, Mexico City, mexico. C.P. 01020
+52 (55) 3691 1310
contacto [at] aem.gob.mx
In recent years AEM has been supporting the UN-SPIDER programme through the provision of experts to conduct technical advisory missions to Central American countries. Currently AEM is partner to the SEWS-D project, and coordinates the activities between the parties involved, and provides support in managing the project. In 2017 AEM will provide support to UN-SPIDER to develop a workshop and conferences at the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction to be held in May in Cancun, Mexico.
<p><strong>Main Contact:</strong><br />
<em>Mr. Julio Cesar Castillo Urdapilleta</em><br />
Space Security Director<br />
Mexican Space Agency<br />
+52 55 36911310 ext. 85220<br />
<p><strong>Alternative contact:</strong><br />
<em>Gustavo Arriaga Mendez</em><br />
Space Application Manager for civil protection<br />
Mexican Space Agency<br />
+52 55 36911310 ext. 85228<br />
Agencia Espacial Mexicana<br />
Avenida Insurgentes Sur # 1685<br />
Guadalupe Inn, Mexico City,<br />
<p><a href="https://www.gob.mx/aem/" target="_blank">https://www.gob.mx.aem/</a></p>
On 3 October 2016 the International Charter Space and Major Disasters was activated due to Hurricane Matthew in Haiti. The request for activation was due to heavy rain and winds reaching up to 145 mph. Haiti, a country susceptible to floods, has already experienced the consequences of the storm with three deaths, missing fisherman and several thousands of people evacuated.
Matthew, currently a category 4 hurricane, has already impacted Haiti, a country still recovering from a devastating earthquake on 2010; as well as the Dominican Republic and Jamaica. According to the BBC, authorities in these countries warned people to be prepared for this very powerful hurricane. Other countries that will feel the impact of the Hurricane include: Cuba and the United States. More information on this topic is available here.