Meteorological

Definition

A hazard caused by short-lived, micro- to meso-scale extreme weather and atmospheric conditions that last from minutes to days.

Related content on the Knowledge Portal

SAM Satellite

Aeolus is an ESA satellite that provides global observations of wind profiles. It is the first wind satellite that can measure winds globally, as it is able to calculate atmospheric winds also in cloud-free areas or winds throughout vertical wind columns. Aeolus can provide high-quality short and medium-range forecasts (between three to ten days ahead) both of the northern and the southern hemispheres. It can also produce useful information on ocean salinity and frozen expanses as well as insights into the wind’s influence on heat and soil moisture within the Earth's surface. The measurements from the satellite can contribute to long-term climate research and help scientists better understand global environmental challenges such as extreme natural disasters, global warming, and air pollution.
 
Aeolus is equipped with an Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument, called Aladin. Aladin comprises powerful lasers, one of the largest telescopes ESA has put into... read more
Launch date:
02/08/2018

Serving as part of the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission, an international network of satellites that provide next-generation global observations of rain and snow, the GPM “Core Observatory” satellite carries an advanced radar / radiometer system to measure precipitation from space and serve as a reference standard to unify precipitation measurements from a constellation of research and operational satellites. The GPM mission builds upon the success of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Through improved measurements of precipitation globally, the GPM mission is helping to advance our understanding of Earth's water and energy cycles, improve forecasting of extreme events that cause natural hazards and disasters, and extend current capabilities in using accurate and timely information of precipitation to directly benefit society.

Launch date:
27/02/2014

TRMM was a research satellite in operation from 1997 to 2015, designed to improve our understanding of the distribution and variability of precipitation within the tropics as part of the water cycle in the current climate system. By covering the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Earth, TRMM provided much needed information on rainfall and its associated heat release that helps to power the global atmospheric circulation that shapes both weather and climate.

The Precipitation Radar (PR) looked through the precipitation column, and provided new insights into tropical storm structure and intensification.

TRMM officially ended on April 15, 2015 after the spacecraft depleted its fuel reserves. TRMM was turned off and re-entered Earth’s atmosphere on June 15, 2015 over the South Indian Ocean. Originally designed for 3 years, TRMM continued to provide groundbreaking 3-D images of rain and storms for 17 years.

Launch date:
27/11/1997

TRMM was a research satellite in operation from 1997 to 2015, designed to improve our understanding of the distribution and variability of precipitation within the tropics as part of the water cycle in the current climate system. By covering the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Earth, TRMM provided much needed information on rainfall and its associated heat release that helps to power the global atmospheric circulation that shapes both weather and climate.

The TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) measured microwave energy emitted by the Earth and its atmosphere to quantify the water vapor, the cloud water, and the rainfall intensity in the atmosphere.

TRMM officially ended on April 15, 2015 after the spacecraft depleted its fuel reserves. TRMM was turned off and re-entered Earth’s atmosphere on June 15, 2015 over the South Indian Ocean. Originally designed for 3 years, TRMM continued to provide groundbreaking 3-D images of rain and storms for 17 years.

Launch date:
27/11/1997

Actualités

Tropical cyclone Fani over the eastern coast of India on 2 May 2019. Image: NASA.

According to the latest issue of an annual disaster statistics report, floods were the deadliest type of disasters in 2019, followed by extreme temperature, while storms affected the highest number of people. Published by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), “Natural disasters 2019 - Now is the time to not give up” draws on data recorded in the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT), which saw the addition of 396 disasters that affected a total of 95 million and caused $103 billion in economic losses around the world. 

Accounting for 40 per cent of disaster events, Asia suffered the highest impact with 45 per cent of deaths and 74 per cent of total affected. India, which saw cyclone Fani cause destruction in 2019, was the country most affected... read more

Publishing date: 20/08/2020

Événement

WCDM 2020 picture of floods. Image: WCDM

World Congress on Disaster Management (WCDM) is a unique initiative of DMICS to bring researchers, policy makers and practitioners from around the world in the same platform to discuss various challenging issues of disaster risk management. The mission of WCDM is to promote interaction of science, policy and practices to enhance understanding of risks and advance actions for reducing risks and building resilience to disasters.

The Conference will discuss various topics, including:

  • Remote Sensing, GIS and Drones for Disaster Risk Management
  • Early Warning of Hydro-Meteorological Disasters: Tasks Ahead
  • Early Warning of Earthquakes: How Far, How Near
  • Operationalising Early Warning of Landslides
  • Application of Artificial Intelligence for Managing Risks of Disasters
  • Emerging Technologies for Climate & Disaster Resistant Agriculture
The Conference will provide in-depth analysis of the following... read more
Global Congress on Climate Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction logo. Image: CEED
The major thrives of this congress will be discuss and develop an integrated Climate Resilience Ecosystem that will address Future Disaster Risk Reduction and Capacity Development of Vulnerable Communities for Sustainable & Inclusive Growth and Subsequently publish a White Paper that will be submitted to the Government of India and the State Government.
 
The Conference will discuss different topics, including:
  • Application of GIS & Remote Sensing for Integrated Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Costal Vulnerability and Adaption strategies
  • Water Security and Risk Management
  • Management of Solid Waste for Sustainable Development
  • Climate and Carbon Financing
  • Sustainability and Inclusive Growth
  • Extreme weather Events
  • Global Warming and Coastal Risks
  • Multi hazard Early Warning Systems
  • Water Resource Sustainability and Security
  • Application of GIS& RS for... read more
2nd Edition of World Congress on Geology & Earth Science logo. Image: Innovinc International

GeoEarth-2020 welcomes colleagues from all branches of Geosciences and from many countries in the world to participate to the second edition of thw 'World Congress on Geology and Earth Science'. The Conference will enable the sharing of best practices in Geoscience as well as exploring the role of remote sensing in monitoring Earth processes and dynamics.

The topics of the Conference include:

  • Environmental Geology, 
  • GIS, Remote Sensing and Geospatial Sciences, 
  • Marine Geosciences and Oceanography,
  • Groundwater and Hydrology: Surface Hydrology/Surface Water,
  • Rock Deformation and Structural Geology,
  • Volcanology and Plate Tectonics,
  • Earth, Ecology and Ecosystems,
  • Soil Science and Conservation of Soil Biodiversity.
EO4GEO logo. Image: EO4GEO

EO4GEO aims to bridge the skills gap between the supply and demand of education and training in the space/geospatial sectors, fostering the uptake and integration of space/geospatial data and services in a broad range of application domains. 

The event includes sessions on:

  • Introduction to Copernicus and Services (with COVID-19 examples)
  • The role of Earth Observation in emergency situations
  • NO2 Air pollution monitoring 
  • Three case studies on how satellite data combined with other data is valued for agriculture, nature conservation and monitoring of forest for detection of fire and diseases
  • The role of EO in emergency situations
  • Maritime Spatial Planning. 

Data Source

Climate Scale interactive web map
Publishing institution: Climate Scale
Climate Scale offers an easy to access, current climate variability and future climate projections, building on the consolidated experience of Vortex technology to physically downscale climate data to the resolution for local applications

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