Land Surface Temperature (Copernicus)

Screenshot of Land Surface Temperature
Data provided by:Copernicus
Data accessibility:export data, export map, visualization of data (e.g. web GIS or real time monitoring), web processing/cloud computing
Link to the data:
File type:NetCDF, xml
Data type:hazard specific data, land use, land cover data, satellite data or aerial image
Hazard:Insect Infestation, Epidemic, Forest Fire, Drought, Severe Storm, Extreme Temperature, Pollution
Disaster cycle phase:Disaster Risk Management, Response, Recovery
Satellites and Sensors:GOES- 8-15 (IMAGER)
Spatial coverage:Global
Spatial resolution:5 km
Temporal coverage:Archive, Near-real time
Content dates:2009-Present
Technical Specifications:
Costs:free with restrictions
Contact:Help Desk
Tutorials on the use of data:Product User Manual, GIO Global Land Service instruction movie Part 1, Copernicus Global Land Service portal instruction movie - Part 2, Copernicus Global Land Service instruction movie - Part 3
Restrictions/ Citation of the dataset:

Terms of Use

The Land Surface Temperature (LST) is the radiative skin temperature of the land surface, as measured in the direction of the remote sensor. It is estimated from Top-of-Atmosphere brightness temperatures from the infrared spectral channels of a constellation of geostationary satellites (Meteosat Second Generation, GOES, MTSAT/Himawari). Its estimation further depends on the albedo, the vegetation cover and the soil moisture.

LST is a mixture of vegetation and bare soil temperatures. Because both respond rapidly to changes in incoming solar radiation due to cloud cover and aerosol load modifications and diurnal variation of illumination, the LST displays quick variations too. In turn, the LST influences the partition of energy between ground and vegetation and determines the surface air temperature.

The Global Land Service provides the following LST-based products:

  • LST: hourly LST from instantaneous observations
  • LST10-DC: 10-day Land Surface Temperature with Daily Cycle
  • LST10-TCI: Thermal Condition Index with a 10-day composite of Land Surface Temperature.