Priority 4: Enhancing disaster preparedness

The growth of disaster risk means there is a need to strengthen disaster preparedness for response, take action in anticipation of events, and ensure capacities are in place for effective response and recovery at all levels. The recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction phase is a critical opportunity to build back better, including through integrating disaster risk reduction into development measures.

Derivation and monitoring of Sendai indicators with Copernicus and satellite remote sensing – The “Cop4Sen” project

To meet the global challenges, the United Nations adopted several framework agreements, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030). The framework builds the international reference point for disaster preparedness and focuses on reducing existing and future disaster risks as well as enhancing disaster resilience.

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Large‐Area Morphological Characterization of Urban Environments for Exposure Modelling

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Inventory of Glaciers, Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods

The identification of critical glacial lakes is based on remote sensing method in which several criteria related to glacial lakes, glaciers and physical condition of surrounding area is considered to assess potential for future outburst and possible glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF).

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Rapid response mapping in support of rescue and relief effort

Close to 2000 landslides were mapped using a high-resolution image of the post 2015 Nepal Earthquake made available through International Charter for Space and Major Disaster, and Sentinel Asia. The images were geo-referenced if not done prior to visual scanning for a fresh scar from landslide and rockslide. Cross-checking with pre-event images most of which are available on Google Earth helped confirm whether or not the event is related to the earthquake.

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Food Security Risk Assessment – Crop Production Estimation and Risk of Droughts

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UN‐SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission (TAM)

After the TAM was conducted in Myanmar, innovative impacts were completed following a recommendation. “Emergency Operation Centre (EOC)”, which is comprised of four units including “Remote Sensing Unit” and “Risk Assessment and Emergency Response Unit” was established in the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief & Resettlement (MSWRR). The capacity building of MSWRR and other related institutes in remote sensing and GIS were strengthened. The Disaster Management Training Centre now conducts courses in remote sensing/GIS.
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UN‐SPIDER Knowledge Portal

In order to encourage the targeted retrieval of space-based information and data by disaster risk reduction practitioners, content on the Portal is systematically enriched with metadata. For instance, data sources are marked up with data about their file type, satellite/sensor and spatial coverage and whether they relate to the disaster risk management or emergency response phase. The tool features a range of filters that draw on the metadata, thereby allowing users to narrow down their search, for example, filtering available GIS software by hazard type.

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International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

The identification of critical glacial lakes is based on remote sensing method in which several criteria related to glacial lakes, glaciers and physical condition of surrounding area is considered to assess potential for future outburst and possible glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF).

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UNOSAT Operational Satellite Mapping Service

Based on optical and radar images of different resolutions, UNOSAT products are also enriched with the available baseline GIS datasets and crowdsourcing data. Satellite-derived analysis performed by UNOSAT is delivered in the form of GIS Data, Static Maps, Live Web Maps, and Reports, and is then shared with a wide range of end-users such as UN Agencies, International Organizations, and Governments.

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Mapping Tsunami Disaster Impact using Earth Observation Satellites

In the aftermath of catastrophic natural disasters, such as earthquakes and tsunamis, our society has experienced significant difficulties in assessing disaster impact in the limited amount of time. In recent years, the quality of satellite sensors and access to and use of satellite imagery and services has greatly improved. More and more space agencies have embraced data-sharing policies that facilitate access to archived and up-to-date imagery.

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