Flood

Virtual technical advisory support to Niger

Dates: 

Tue, 01/09/2020 to Sat, 31/10/2020

Host Institution: 

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

UN-SPIDER also conducted an online meeting with the General Directorate for Civil Protection of the Niger to provide an overview of the UN-SPIDER programme and its technical advisory support activities, in particular, with a view to engaging in joint activities in the future. 

Virtual technical advisory support to Nigeria

Dates: 

Tue, 01/09/2020 to Wed, 30/09/2020

Host Institution: 

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

At the request of the National Emergency Management Agency and the National Space Research and Development Agency of Nigeria, UN-SPIDER conducted three webinars to present UN-SPIDER resources and showcase how space technologies could support flood and drought monitoring efforts. During the virtual meetings, the two agencies discussed their use of geospatial data and geographical information systems in disaster management.

Disaster type: 

Participating UN-SPIDER Regional Support Office: 

Virtual technical advisory support to Mozambique

Dates: 

Wed, 12/08/2020 to Tue, 22/12/2020

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

UN-SPIDER and the Federal University of Santa Maria of Brazil (a UN-SPIDER regional support office) conducted three webinars for staff at the National Institute for Disaster Management, the National Meteorological Institute, the Regional Water Administration Authorities, the Ministry of Public Works, Housing and Water Resources, the Mozambique Red Cross and universities in order to raise awareness of the applications of novel satellite technologies and products to monitor droughts and map the geographical extent of floods. The National Institute for Disaster Management, the Regional Water Administration Authorities and the Ministry of Public Works, Housing and Water Resources gave presentations on their efforts to monitor floods and droughts; the development of an information system on arid and semi-arid areas; the use of the Africa risk capacity tool by the National Institute for Disaster Management; and efforts by the Ministry of Public Works, Housing and Water Resources to monitor droughts.

UN-SPIDER, together with the National Institute for Disaster Management, the National Meteorological Institute and other institutions, including universities, discussed the establishment of a technical, inter-institutional team that would focus on the generation of geospatial information to support disaster management using geographical information systems and Earth observation applications. 

Disaster type: 

Participating UN-SPIDER Regional Support Office: 

Virtual technical advisory support to the Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Dates: 

Mon, 19/10/2020

Host Institution: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

The UN-SPIDER mission was scheduled to take place in Savannakhet Province from 11 to 15 May 2020. The purpose of the mission was to offer technical advisory support with a view to improving disaster risk management, early warning systems, emergency response and institutional capacity. However, owing to the COVID-19 pandemic, the mission has been postponed and a virtual format through which to deliver the mission’s objectives is being sought. 

A high-level technical advisory meeting was conducted on 19 October 2020 and was attended by the Member of Parliament and Vice-President of the Economic, Technology and Environment Committee of National Assembly, the Vice-Governor of Savannakhet Province and other senior officials. Representatives of two 

UN-SPIDER regional support offices, the International Water Management Institute and the Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre also attended the meeting.

As a follow up, a joint project proposal between UN-SPIDER regional support offices and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic will be prepared for flood and drought monitoring, early warning for disaster preparedness and the building of resilience among smallholder farmers.

Disaster type: 

Dominican Republic - Institutional Strengthening Mission

As a follow-up to the two preceding advisory support missions to the Dominican Republic, in 2010 and 2011, UN-SPIDER conducted an Institutional Strengthening Mission and organized a one-week training course to strengthen the remote sensing capacities of the inter-institutional Geo-Spatial Information Team for Risk Management to derive flood-related information from satellite imagery. The training course was organized with the National Emergency Commission and three regional support offices: IGAC, CATHALAC and CONAE and took place from 13 to 17 May 2013.

Dates: 

Mon, 13/05/2013 to Fri, 17/05/2013

Host Institution: 

Dominican Republic National Emergency Commission (CNE)

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

The training that was part of the Institutional Strengthening Mission included lectures and hands-on sessions which were provided by experts from CATHALAC, IGAC and UN-SPIDER. Topics included: introduction to remote sensing for disaster risk management and emergency response; acquisition of satellite data and useful data products for flooding; pre-processing and supervised and unsupervised classification of multispectral images; calculation of indices and change detection with multispectral images; introduction to radar data; use of digital elevation models for hydrologic modelling; use of thermal data for change detection; and introduction to the web portal.

Disaster type: 

Bangladesh - Institutional Strengthening Mission

From 12 to 16 May 2013, as a follow-up to the UN-SPIDER technical advisory mission to Bangladesh in 2011, UN-SPIDER conducted a Institutional Strengthening Mission and organized a capacity-building programme on the topic of space technology for flood hazard mapping, flood forecasting and rapid mapping in Bangladesh. The programme was jointly organized with the Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme of the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief.

Dates: 

Sun, 12/05/2013 to Thu, 16/05/2013

Host Institution: 

Bangladeshi Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme, Bangladeshi Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO)

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

The training that was part of the Institutional Strengthening Mission and took place from 12 to 16 May 2013 covered a wide range of topics such as an overview of the role of Earth Observation in disaster management, the regional plan of action on promoting Space and GIS applications for disaster risk management and sustainable development, global and regional flood hotspot assessment, flood hazard/risk mapping, multi-hazard risk and assessment, flood inundation mapping using multi-resolution satellite data, flood response rapid mapping etc. Participants were also offered hands-on sessions to develop skills in mapping and modelling floods. A total of 20 officials from 17 government departments in Bangladesh participated in the programme. 

Disaster type: 

Recommended Practice: Disaster Preparedness Using Free Software Extensions

English

Teaser Recommended Practice: 

Remote sensing technologies can support all stages of the disaster management cycle. In the prevention and preparedness phases, they often find their application in risk assessments, scenario modelling and early warning. This UN-SPIDER Recommended Practice explains how remote sensing data about recurring floods, information about infrastructure and socio-economic data can be integrated using free and open source software to support prevention and preparedness efforts. It makes use, among others, of the InaSAFE plug-in for the desktop GIS software QGIS to estimate the number of people and infrastructure potentially affected by a 100-year flood. The resulting insights can be used to contingency planning and related efforts before a disaster strikes.

Flowchart Recommended Practices: 

Related Software: 

Objective: 

The objective of this step-by-step procedure is to identify potentially damaged buildings and streets, as well the number of potentially displaced persons for two different flood events in Africa. This information can be used for future contingency planning and to improve the design of preventive measures.

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Preparedness

Main Hazards: 

  • Earthquake
  • Flood
  • Tsunami
  • Volcanic Eruption

Test Site: 

This Recommended Practice has been applied to flood scenarios in Mozambique and Ghana.

Context: 

The presented QGIS plug-in was developed jointly by the Indonesian Disaster Management Organization (BNPB), the Australian Government and the World Bank (GFDRR). It was created as free and open source software (FOSS) and is available in the QGIS plug-in library. The use cases provided on the website of InaSAFAE are primarily related to disasters in Indonesia such as floods in the city of Jakarta. For this Recommended Practice, two use cases in Africa have been chosen. The first one focuses on a past flood event in Beira, Mozambique, whereas the second one addresses the larger area of Accra, Ghana, and makes use of a 100-year returning flood layer from the Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS) of the Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Commission (EC).

Applicability: 

Both case studies provided show several options to adapt the calculations to other case studies. However, the plugIn does not give the exact number of people as the calculations are rather basic. This allows for faster processing, but also means that values are only an estimate of the expected damage and never an exact number. This practice should raise awareness about risk prevention and provide incentives to improve preparation and planning processes.

Sri Lanka - Institutional Strengthening Mission

UN-SPIDER conducted a Institutional Strengthening Mission in Sri Lanka from 24 to 28 April 2017. Th ISM was a follow-up to the technical advisory mission to Sri Lanka in 2011. Both the original mission and the follow-up activity were hosted by the Ministry of Disaster Management of Sri Lanka and its associated Disaster Management Centre.

Dates: 

Mon, 24/04/2017 to Fri, 28/04/2017

Host Institution: 

Sri Lanka Disaster Management Centre

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Profile: 

As part of the ISM, UN-SPIDER and the Disaster Management Centre conducted a three-day training course at the recommendation of UN-SPIDER for the members of the rapid mapping inter-institutional team established by the Centre. The mission also provided an opportunity to participate in the first meeting of the Advisory Board for the National Risk Assessment Project that the Disaster Management Centre was conducting. In addition, the mission enabled to further its efforts to provide technical advisory support to Sri Lanka; to make government agencies, universities and non-governmental organizations aware of the UN-SPIDER knowledge portal and its contents, including specific recommended practices relevant to Sri Lanka; to raise awareness of the usefulness of the Standard Vegetation Index and the Vegetation Condition Index in drought early warning efforts. Following the successful model of the Dominican Republic and countries in Central America, UN-SPIDER recommended the establishment of a technical inter-institutional team that could focus its efforts in the processing of satellite imagery to generate relevant and timely geospatial information. 

Disaster type: 

Lao People's Democratic Republic - Institutional Strengthening Mission

As part of the technical advisory support it provides to countries worldwide on accessing space-based information for disaster management and emergency response, UN-SPIDER carried out an Institutional Strengthening Mission to Lao People’s Democratic Republic from 18 to 22 March 2019 upon the request of the Ministry of Science and Technology. This activity was jointly organized by the United Nations platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER) of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST).

Dates: 

Mon, 18/03/2019 to Fri, 22/03/2019

Host Institution: 

Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST).

Main Hazards: 

Mission Team: 

Experts from two UN-SPIDER Regional Support Officer – the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and the Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (ADPC) – contributed to the mission.

Mission Profile: 

The mission was a follow-up activity to the UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) conducted in July 2015 that assessed use of space-derived information in all aspects of disaster management and offered recommendations to strengthen the disaster risk management and emergency response in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. UN-SPIDER had organized one a previous follow-up activity and ran  capacity-building programmes on “Space-based Technologies Exploring the Use of Earth Observation Data and Modeling Tools in Flood Risk Mapping and Flood Early Warning” in July 2016.

During the five-day mission, UN-SPIDER contributed to an ASEAN Workshop on “The Application of Geospatial Information on Statistic Data for Sustainable Development”. The workshop offered a forum to strengthen capabilities of ASEAN countries in using geospatial information to develop statistical data needed for SDGs indicators.

UN-SPIDER also conducted a three-day national training programme on “Earth Observation-based Mechanisms and Tools for Assessing Flood Risk and Rapid Response During Floods” with contributions of experts from IWMI and ADPC. The training included simulation exercises based on the activation of the International Charter “Space and Major Disasters” during a dam collapse in Lao PDR in July 2018. This exercise the skills of participants in analyzing and utilizing emergency response maps produced through the Charter mechanism. It strengthened the voluntary community LaoNGUM (Lao National Geospatial Information Utilization and Management), which had been established in 2016 with interventions from UN-SPIDER, and reinforced the need of close coordination among geospatial professionals and end users. In addition, theory and hands-on sessions were conducted in utilizing optical and microwave remote sensing data in assessing flood risk and preparation of rapid response maps during flood situation. Twenty-five participants from key ministries and the National University attended the training programme.

The team of experts also visited Mr. Sanya Praseuth, Member of Parliament and Vice President of the Economic, Technology and Environment Committee of National Assembly of Lao People’s Democratic Republic. The discussions assured the commitment of Lao People’s Democratic Republic to using Earth observation for sustainable development and disaster management.

Disaster type: 

Participating UN-SPIDER Regional Support Office: 

Myanmar - Institutional Strengthening Mission

As part of the technical advisory support it provides to countries worldwide, UN-SPIDER carried out an Institutional Strengthening Mission to Myanmar from 11 to 15 March 2019 upon the request of the government. This activity was jointly organized by UN-SPIDER and the United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat), under auspices of the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettle­ment (MSWRR) of Myanmar. It was hosted by the Emergency Operation Centre (EOC). 

Dates: 

Mon, 11/03/2019 to Fri, 15/03/2019

Host Institution: 

Emergency Operation Centre (EOC)

Country/Region: 

Main Hazards: 

Mission Team: 

Representatives from UN-SPIDER, the United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat), the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettle­ment (MSWRR) of Myanmar, the Emergency Operation Centre (EOC), the Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTEAP), the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and Maxar.

Mission Profile: 

The mission was a follow-up activity to the UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) conducted in March 2012 that assessed the use of space-derived information in all aspects of disaster management and provided recommendations to strengthen the disaster risk management and emergency response in Myanmar. Before this follow-up activity, UN-SPIDER organized three such activities and offered capacity building programmes on “Geo-informatics for Disaster Risk Management in Myanmar” in November 2012, “Use of Earth Observation Data and GIS Techniques for Landslide Hazard Mapping” in June 2016 and “Post Disaster (Earthquake) Rapid Damage Assessment” in March 2017.

During the five-day mission, UN-SPIDER held a high-level advocacy meeting at ministerial level and carried out two training programmes, one for 25 officials of the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) of MSWRR and one for 25 officials from key line ministries.

Mission Outcome: 

The training for DDM staff provided an overview of the use of space technology in disaster risk management, the International Charter “Space and Major Disasters” and coordination during an emergency situation. The course strengthened the skills of EOC and DDM staff in analyzing maps and making use of emergency response maps produced as part of International Charter activations.

The training for officials from key line ministries was more comprehensive and covered a wide range of theory and hands-on session for using Earth observation technologies and tools for flood and earthquake disaster response.

The five-day-long institutional strengthening mission improved the capacity of using space-based technologies for sustainable development and disaster management of more than 50 participants and deepened the engagement of UN-SPIDER with MSWRR, EOC, United Nations agencies and other stakeholders in the country.

Disaster type: 

Participating UN-SPIDER Regional Support Office: 

Pages

Zircon - This is a contributing Drupal Theme
Design by WeebPal.